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Technical ArticlesThe Wearable for Machine Health: Condition-Based Monitoring
Features and Benefits
- ADC for single-channel low power, platform DAQ designs
- Wide bandwidth
- Sinc filter bandwidth range: DC to 204 kHz
- Low ripple FIR bandwidth range: DC to 110.8 kHz
- Precision ac and dc performance
- 108.5 dB dynamic range typical
- −120 dB THD
- ±1.1 ppm of FSR INL, ±30 µV offset error, ±30 ppm of FSR gain error
- Programmable ODR, filter type, and latency
- ODR values up to 1024 kSPS
- Linear phase digital filter options
- Low ripple FIR filter: ±0.005 dB maximum pass-band ripple, dc to 102.4 kHz
- Low latency sinc5 filter
- Low latency sinc3 filter enabling 50 Hz/60 Hz rejection
- Programmable FIR filter option
- Programmable power consumption and bandwidth
- Fast, highest speed
- 52.224 kHz bandwidth, 26.4 mW (sinc5 filter)
- 110.8 kHz bandwidth, 36.8 mW (FIR filter)
- Median, half speed: 55.4 kHz bandwidth, 19.7 mW (FIR filter)
- Low power, low speed: 13.9 kHz bandwidth, 6.75 mW (FIR filter)
- Fast, highest speed
- Power supply
- AVDD1 − AVSS = 5.0 V typical
- AVDD2 − AVSS = 2.0 V to 5.0 V typical
- Analog supplies can run from split supply (true bipolar)
- IOVDD − DGND = 1.8 V to 3.3 V typical
- Low power mode can run from single 3.0 V supply
- Pin control or SPI interface configurable
- Suite of diagnostic check mechanisms
- Temperature, interface CRC, and memory map CRC
- Package: 28-lead, 4 mm × 5 mm, LFCSP
- Temperature range: −40°C to +125°C
The AD7768-1 is a low power, high performance, Σ-Δ analog-to-digital converter (ADC), with a Σ-Δ modulator and digital filter for precision conversion of both ac and dc signals. The AD7768-1 is a single-channel version of the AD7768, an 8-channel, simultaneously sampling, Σ-Δ ADC. The AD7768-1 provides a single configurable and reusable data acquisition (DAQ) footprint, which establishes a new industry standard in combined ac and dc performance and enables instrumentation and industrial system designers to design across multiple measurement variants for both isolated and nonisolated applications.
The AD7768-1 achieves a 108.5 dB dynamic range when using the low ripple, finite impulse response (FIR) digital filter at 256 kSPS, giving 110.8 kHz input bandwidth, combined with ±1.1 ppm integral nonlinearity (INL), ±30 µV offset error, and ±30 ppm gain error.
A wider bandwidth, up to 500 kHz Nyquist (filter −3 dB point of 204 kHz), is available using the sinc5 filter, enabling a view of signals over an extended range.
The AD7768-1 offers the user the flexibility to configure and optimize for input bandwidth vs. output data rate (ODR) and vs. power dissipation. The flexibility of the AD7768-1 allows dynamic analysis of a changing input signal, making the device particularly useful in general-purpose DAQ systems. The selection of one of three available power modes allows the designer to achieve required noise targets while minimizing power consumption. The design of the AD7768-1 is unique in that it becomes a reusable and flexible platform for low power dc and high performance ac measurement modules.
The AD7768-1 achieves the optimum balance of dc and ac performance with excellent power efficiency. The following three operating modes allow the user to trade off the input bandwidth vs. power budgets:
- Fast mode offers both a sinc filter with up to 256 kSPS and 52.2 kHz of bandwidth, and 26.4 mW of power consumption, or a FIR filter with up to 256 kSPS, 110.8 kHz of bandwidth and 36.8 mW of power consumption.
- Median mode offers a FIR filter with up to 128 kSPS, 55.4 kHz of bandwidth and 19.7 mW of power consumption.
- Low power mode offers a FIR filter with up to 32 kSPS, 13.85 kHz of bandwidth and 6.75 mW of power consumption.
The AD7768-1 offers extensive digital filtering capabilities that meet a wide range of system requirements. The filter options allow configuration for frequency domain measurements with tight gain error over frequency, linear phase response requirements (brick wall filter), a low latency path (sinc5 or sinc3) for use in control loop applications, and measuring dc inputs with the ability to configure the sinc3 filter to reject the line frequency of either 50 Hz or 60 Hz. All filters offer programmable decimation.
A 1.024 MHz sinc5 filter path exists for users seeking an even higher ODR than is achievable using the low ripple FIR filter. This path is quantization noise limited. Therefore, it is best suited for customers requiring minimum latency for control loops or implementing custom digital filtering on an external field programmable gate array (FPGA) or digital signal processor (DSP).
The filter options include the following:
- A low ripple FIR filter with a ±0.005 dB pass-band ripple to 102.4 kHz.
- A low latency sinc5 filter with up to a 1.024 MHz data rate to maximize control loop responsiveness.
- A low latency sinc3 filter that is fully programmable, with 50 Hz/60 Hz rejection capabilities.
When using the AD7768-1, embedded analog functionality within the AD7768-1 greatly reduces the design burden over the entire application range. The precharge buffer on each analog input decreases the analog input current compared to competing products, simplifying the task of an external amplifier to drive the analog input.
A full buffer input on the reference reduces the input current, providing a high impedance input for the external reference device or in buffering any reference sense resistor scenarios used in ratiometric measurements.
The device operates with a 5.0 V AVDD1 − AVSS supply, a 2.0 V to 5.0 V AVDD2 − AVSS supply, and a 1.8 V to 3.3 V IOVDD − DGND supply.
In low power mode, the AVDD1, AVDD2, and IOVDD supplies can run from a single 3.0 V rail.
The device requires an external reference. The absolute input reference (REFIN) voltage range is 1 V to AVDD1 − AVSS.
The specified operating temperature range is −40°C to +125°C. The device is housed in a 4 mm × 5 mm, 28-lead LFCSP.
Note that, throughout this data sheet, multifunction pins, such as XTAL2/MCLK, are referred to either by the entire pin name or by a single function of the pin, for example, MCLK, when only that function is relevant.
- Platform ADC to serve a superset of measurements and sensor types
- Sound and vibration, acoustic, and material science research and development
- Control and hardware in loop verification
- Condition monitoring for predictive maintenance
- Electrical test and measurement
- Audio testing and current and voltage measurement
- Clinical electroencephalogram (EEG), electromyogram (EMG), and electrocardiogram (ECG) vital signs monitoring
- USB-, PXI-, and Ethernet-based modular DAQ
- Channel to channel isolated modular DAQ designs
Markets & Technology
- Industrial Automation Technology (IAT)
- Instrumentation & Measurement
- Aerospace and Defense
Product Lifecycle Recommended for New Designs
This product has been released to the market. The data sheet contains all final specifications and operating conditions. For new designs, ADI recommends utilization of these products.
Evaluation Kits (1)
The EV-AD7768-1FMCZ evaluation kit features the AD7768-1 24-bit, 256 kSPS analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The EVAD7768-1FMCZ board connects to the USB port of the PC via the EVAL-SDP-CH1Z motherboard. By default, power is supplied from the EVAL-SDP-CH1Z supply, which is regulated to 5 V and 3.3 V to supply the AD7768-1 and support components.
The EV-AD7768-1FMCZ software fully configures the AD7768-1 device register functionality and provides dc and ac time domain analysis in the form of waveform graphs, histograms, and associated noise analysis for ADC performance evaluation.
The EV-AD7768-1FMCZ is an evaluation board that allows the user to evaluate the features of the ADC. The user PC software executable controls the AD7768-1 over USB through the system demonstration platform (EVAL-SDP-CH1Z).
Features & Benefits
- Full featured evaluation board for the AD7768-1
- PC control in conjunction with EVAL-SDP-CH1Z
- PC software control and data analysis
- Time and frequency domain
- Standalone hardware capability
AD7768-1 Companion Parts
Recommended Driver Amplifiers
- For Median Power Mode: ADA4945-1, ADA4807-2, ADA4940-1.
- For Fast Power Mode: ADA4945-1, ADA4896-2, ADA4940-1.
- For Low Power Mode: ADA4945-1, LTC6363, ADA4805-2.
Recommended Current Source
Recommended Low Dropout Regulators and Switchers
Recommended Multichannel Converters
- Recommended Multichannel, Simultaneous Sampling ADCs: AD7768.
Technical Articles (1)
Press Releases (1)
ADI has always placed the highest emphasis on delivering products that meet the maximum levels of quality and reliability. We achieve this by incorporating quality and reliability checks in every scope of product and process design, and in the manufacturing process as well. "Zero defects" for shipped products is always our goal.
Sample & Buy
The USA list pricing shown is for BUDGETARY USE ONLY, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit for the stated volume), and is subject to change. International prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates. For volume-specific price or delivery quotes, please contact your local Analog Devices, Inc. sales office or authorized distributor. Pricing displayed for Evaluation Boards and Kits is based on 1-piece pricing.