Features and Benefits

  • Ultra-low current consumption (typical):
    • 32 μA: continuous conversion mode (gain = 128)
    • 5 μA: duty cycling mode (ratio = 1/16)
    • 0.5 μA: standby mode
    • 0.1 μA: power-down mode
  • Built-in features for system level power savings:
    • Current saving duty cycle ratio: 1/4 or 1/16
    • Single supply as low as 1.71 V increasing battery length
  • RMS noise: 25 nV rms at 1.17 SPS (gain = 128) to 48 nV/√Hz
  • Up to 16 noise free bits (gain = 1)
  • Output data rate: 1.17 SPS to 2.4 kSPS
  • Operates from 1.71 V to 3.6 V single supply or ±1.8 V split supplies
  • Band gap reference with 15 ppm/°C maximum drift
  • PGA with rail-to-rail analog input
  • Adaptable sensor interfacing functionality:
    • Matched programmable excitation currents for RTDs
    • On-chip bias voltage generator for thermocouples
    • Low-side power switch for bridge transducers
    • Sensor open wire detection
  • Internal temperature sensor and oscillator
  • Self and system calibration
  • Flexible filter options
  • Simultaneous 50 Hz/60 Hz rejection (on selected filter options)
  • General-purpose outputs
  • Diagnostic functionality
  • Crosspoint multiplexed inputs
    • 8 differential/16 pseudodifferential inputs
  • 5 MHz SPI (3-wire or 4-wire)
  • Available in 35-ball, 2.74 mm × 3.6 mm WLCSP
  • Temperature range: −40°C to +105°C

Product Details

The AD4131-8 is an ultra-low power, high precision, measurement solution for low bandwidth battery operated applications. The fully integrated analog front end (AFE) includes a multiplexer for up to 16 single-ended or eight differential inputs, programmable gain amplifier (PGA), 16-bit sigma-delta (Σ-Δ) analog-to-digital converter (ADC), on-chip reference and oscillator, selectable filter options, smart sequencer, sensor biasing and excitation options, diagnostics, and duty cycling.

The AD4131-8 allows to measure low frequency signals with a current consumption of 28.5 μA (gain = 1) and 32.5 μA (gain = 128) while continuously converting, and even lower average currents when using one of the duty cycling options. Configure the AD4131-8 to have eight differential inputs or 16 single-ended or pseudodifferential inputs, which connect to a crosspoint multiplexer, where any input pair can become a measurement channel input to the PGA and ADC.

The AD4131-8 is designed to operate from a single analog supply voltage from 1.71 V to 3.6 V. In battery applications, operation as low as 1.71 V can extend the system lifetime as the AFE can continue its operation, even as the battery voltage dissipates. The digital supply can be separate and range from 1.65 V to 3.6 V.

The AD4131-8 offers the following key analog functions to allow simple and effective connection to transducers used for measuring temperature, load, and pressure:

  • PGA. Due to the programmable gain (from 1 to 128) and the high input impedance with low input current, the PGA allows direct interfacing to transducers with low output amplitudes like resistive bridges, thermocouples, and resistance temperature detectors (RTDs).
  • The capacitive PGA allows full common-mode input range, giving designers greater margin to widely vary input common modes. A wider common-mode input range improves the overall resolution and is highly effective in ratiometric measurements.
  • Low drift precision current sources. Use the IEXC0 and IEXC1 current source to excite 2‑, 3‑, and 4‑wire RTDs. Excitation current output options include 100 nA, 10 μA, 20 μA, 50 μA, 100 μA, 150 μA, and 200 μA.
  • Use the low-side power switch (PDSW) to power down bridge sensors between conversions. Control the PDSW within the sequencer on a per channel basis, allowing optimum timing and energy savings in the overall system. The PDSW can also allow higher powered analog sensors to be used in a low power system.
  • Voltage bias for thermocouples (the VBIAS source sets the common-mode voltage of a channel to AVDD/2).
  • The sequencer allows the conversion of each enabled preconfigured channel in a predetermined order, allowing a mix of transducer, system checks, and diagnostic measurements to be interleaved. The sequencer eliminates the need for repetitive serial interface communication with the device. Configure sixteen channels in the sequence, each of them selecting from eight predefined ADC setups that allow the selection of gain, filter type, output data rate, buffering, timing, and reference source.

High levels of integrated front-end functionality coupled with small package options allow smaller end solutions. For example, the AD4131-8 integrates a low thermal drift band gap reference in addition to accepting an external differential reference, which can be internally buffered.

In safety critical applications, the AD4131-8 includes diagnostic functionality such as open wire detection through burnout currents, internal temperature sensor, reference detection, and analog input overvoltage and undervoltage detection. The digital interface includes added diagnostics like cyclic redundancy check (CRC) and serial interface checks for a robust communication link.


  • Smart transmitters
  • Wireless battery and harvester powered sensor nodes
  • Portable instrumentation
  • Temperature measurement: thermocouple, RTD, thermistors
  • Pressure measurement: bridge transducers
  • Healthcare and wearables

Product Lifecycle icon-recommended Recommended for New Designs

This product has been released to the market. The data sheet contains all final specifications and operating conditions. For new designs, ADI recommends utilization of these products.

Evaluation Kits (1)

Product Recommendations

AD4131-8 Companion Parts

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Recommended Voltage References

Design Resources

ADI has always placed the highest emphasis on delivering products that meet the maximum levels of quality and reliability. We achieve this by incorporating quality and reliability checks in every scope of product and process design, and in the manufacturing process as well.  "Zero defects" for shipped products is always our goal.

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Pricing displayed is based on 1-piece. The USA list pricing shown is for budgetary use only, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit), and is subject to change. International prices may vary due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates.