Body-Worn Insulin Pump
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 contain an on-chip 32 kHz oscillator and an internal 16 MHz high frequency oscillator. The high frequency oscillator is routed through a programmable clock divider from which the operating frequency of the processor core clock is generated. The maximum core clock speed is 16 MHz; this speed is not limited by operating voltage or temperature.
The microcontroller core is a low power ARM Cortex-M3 processor, a 32-bit RISC machine that offers up to 20 MIPS peak performance. The Cortex-M3 processor incorporates a flexible, 11-channel DMA controller that supports all wired communica-tion peripherals (SPI, UART, and I2C). Also integrated on chip are 128 kB of nonvolatile Flash/EE memory and 8 kB of SRAM.
The analog subsystem consists of dual ADCs, each connected to a flexible input mux. Both ADCs can operate in fully differential and single-ended modes. Other on-chip ADC features include dual programmable excitation current sources, diagnostic current sources, and a bias voltage generator of AVDD_REG/2 (900 mV) to set the common-mode voltage of an input channel. A low-side internal ground switch is provided to allow power-down of an external circuit (for example, a bridge circuit) between conversions.
The ADCs contain two parallel filters: a sinc3 or sinc4 filter in parallel with a sinc2 filter. The sinc3 or sinc4 filter is used for precision measurements. The sinc2 filter is used for fast measure-ments and for the detection of step changes in the input signal.
The devices contain a low noise, low drift internal band gap ref-erence, but they can be configured to accept one or two external reference sources in ratiometric measurement configurations. An option to buffer the external reference inputs is provided on chip. A single-channel buffered voltage output DAC is also provided on chip.
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 integrate a range of on-chip peripherals, which can be configured under microcontroller software control as required in the application. The peripherals include UART, I2C, and dual SPI serial I/O communication controllers; a 19-pin GPIO port; two general-purpose timers; a wake-up timer; and a system watchdog timer. A 16-bit PWM controller with six output channels is also provided.
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 are specifically designed to operate in battery-powered applications where low power operation is critical. The microcontroller core can be configured in a normal operating mode that consumes 290 μA/MHz (including flash/ SRAM IDD). An overall system current consumption of 1 mA can be achieved with both ADCs on (input buffers off), PGA gain of 4, one SPI port on, and all timers on.
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 can be configured in a number of low power operating modes under direct program control, including a hibernate mode (internal wake-up timer active) that consumes only 4 μA. In hibernate mode, peripherals such as external interrupts or the internal wake-up timer can wake up the device. This mode allows the part to operate with ultralow power and still respond to asynchronous external or periodic events.
- Industrial automation and process control
- Intelligent precision sensing systems
- 4 mA to 20 mA loop-powered smart sensor systems
- Medical devices, patient monitoring
The ADuM4160 is a USB port isolator, based on Analog Devices, Inc., iCoupler® technology. Combining high speed CMOS and monolithic air core transformer technology, these isolation components provide outstanding performance characteristics and are easily integrated with low and full speed USB-compatible peripheral devices.
Many microcontrollers implement USB so that it presents only the D+ and D− lines to external pins. This is desirable in many cases because it minimizes external components and simplifies the design; however, this presents particular challenges when isolation is required. USB lines must automatically switch between actively driving D+/D−, receiving data, and allowing external resistors to set the idle state of the bus. The ADuM4160 provides mechanisms for detecting the direction of data flow and control over the state of the output buffers. Data direction is determined on a packet-by-packet basis.
The ADuM4160 uses the edge detection based iCoupler technology in conjunction with internal logic to implement a transparent, easily configured, upstream facing port isolator. Isolating an upstream facing port provides several advantages in simplicity, power management, and robust operation.
The isolator has propagation delay comparable to that of a standard hub and cable. It operates with the supply voltage on either side ranging from 3.1 V to 5.5 V, allowing connection directly to VBUS by internally regulating the voltage to the signaling level. The ADuM4160 provides isolated control of the pull-up resistor to allow the peripheral to control connection timing. The device has a low idle current; a suspend mode is not required.
- USB peripheral isolation
- Isolated USB hub
The ADF7242 is a highly integrated, low power, and high performance transceiver for operation in the global 2.4 GHz ISM band. It is designed with emphasis on flexibility, robustness, ease of use, and low current consumption. The IC supports the IEEE 802.15.4-2006 2.4 GHz PHY requirements as well as proprietary GFSK/ FSK/GMSK/MSK modulation schemes in both packet and data streaming modes. With a minimum number of external components, it achieves compliance with the FCC CFR47 Part 15, ETSI EN 300 440 (Equipment Class 2), ETSI EN 300 328 (FHSS, DR > 250 kbps), and ARIB STD T-66 standards.
The ADF7242 complies with the IEEE 802.15.4-2006 2.4 GHz PHY requirements with a fixed data rate of 250 kbps and DSSS-OQPSK modulation. With its support of GFSK/FSK/GMSK/MSK modulation schemes, the IC can operate over a wide range of data rates from 50 kbps to 2 Mbps and is, therefore, equally suitable for proprietary applications in the areas of smart metering, industrial control, home and building automation, and consumer electronics. In addition, the agile frequency synthesizer of the ADF7242, together with short turnaround times, facilitates the implementation of FHSS systems.
The transmitter path of the ADF7242 is based on a direct closed-loop VCO modulation scheme using a low noise fractional-N RF frequency synthesizer. The automatically calibrated VCO operates at twice the fundamental frequency to reduce spurious emissions and avoid PA pulling effects. The bandwidth of the RF frequency synthesizer is automatically optimized for transmit and receive operations to achieve optimum phase noise, modulation quality, and synthesizer settling time performance. The transmitter output power is programmable from −20 dBm to +4 dBm with automatic PA ramping to meet transient spurious specifications. An integrated biasing and control circuit is available in the IC to significantly simplify the interface to external PAs.
The receive path is based on a zero-IF architecture enabling very high blocking resilience and selectivity performance, which are critical performance metrics in interference dominated environments such as the 2.4 GHz band. In addition, the architecture does not suffer from any degradation of blocker rejection in the image channel, which is typically found in low IF receivers. In GFSK/FSK modes, the receiver features a high speed automatic frequency control (AFC) loop, which allows the frequency synthesizer to find and correct any frequency errors in the received packet.
The IC can operate with a supply voltage between 1.8 V and 3.6 V with very low power consumption in receive and transmit modes while maintaining its excellent RF performance, making it especially suitable for battery-powered systems.
The ADF7242 features a flexible dual-port RF interface that can be used with an external LNA and/or PA in addition to supporting switched antenna diversity.
The ADF7242 incorporates a very low power custom 8-bit processor that supports a number of transceiver management functions. These functions are handled by the two main modules of the processor; the radio controller and the packet manager.
See data sheet for additional information.
- Wireless sensor networks
- Automatic meter reading/Smart metering
- Industrial wireless control
- Wireless audio / video
- Consumer electronics
- Building Control and Automation
- LED General Lighting
Interactive Signal Chains
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