Quad IF Receiver
The AD6657 is an 11-bit, 200 MSPS, quad-channel intermediate frequency (IF) receiver specifically designed to support multi-antenna systems in telecommunication applications where high dynamic range performance, low power, and small size are desired.
The device consists of four high performance analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and noise shaping requantizer (NSR) digital blocks. Each ADC consists of a multistage, differential pipelined architecture with integrated output error correction logic. The ADC features a wide bandwidth switched-capacitor sampling network within the first stage of the differential pipeline. An integrated voltage reference eases design considerations. A duty cycle stabilizer (DCS) compensates for variations in the ADC clock duty cycle, allowing the converters to maintain excellent performance.
Each ADC output is connected internally to an NSR block. The integrated NSR circuitry allows for improved SNR performance in a smaller frequency band within the Nyquist bandwidth. The device supports two different output modes selectable via the external MODE pin or the SPI.
With the NSR feature enabled, the outputs of the ADCs are processed such that the AD6657 supports enhanced SNR performance within a limited portion of the Nyquist bandwidth while maintaining an 11-bit output resolution. The NSR block can be programmed to provide a bandwidth of either 22% or 33% of the sample clock. For example, with a sample clock rate of 185 MSPS, the AD6657 can achieve up to 75.5 dBFS SNR for a 40 MHz bandwidth in the 22% mode and up to 73.7 dBFS SNR for a 60 MHz bandwidth in the 33% mode.
With the NSR block disabled, the ADC data is provided directly to the output with a resolution of 11 bits. The AD6657 can achieve up to 66.5 dBFS SNR for the entire Nyquist bandwidth when operated in this mode. This allows the AD6657 to be used in telecommunication applications such as a digital predistortion observation path where wider bandwidths are desired.
After digital signal processing, multiplexed output data is routed into two 11-bit output ports such that the maximum data rate is 400 Mbps (DDR). These outputs are set at 1.8 V LVDS and support ANSI-644 levels. The AD6657 receiver digitizes a wide spectrum of IF frequencies. Each receiver is designed for simultaneous reception of a separate antenna. This IF sampling architecture greatly reduces compo-nent cost and complexity compared with traditional analog techniques or less integrated digital methods.
Flexible power-down options allow significant power savings. Programming for device setup and control is accomplished using a 3-wire SPI-compatible serial interface with numerous modes to support board-level system testing.
The AD6657 is available in a Pb-free/RoHS compliant, 144-ball, 10 mm × 10 mm chip scale package ball grid array (CSP_BGA) and is specified over the industrial temperature range of −40°C to +85°C.
- Diversity radio and smart antenna (MIMO) systems
- Multimode digital receivers (3G) WCDMA, LTE, CDMA2000 WiMAX, TD-SCDMA
- I/Q demodulation systems
- General-purpose software radiosFUNCTIONAL
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At least one model within this product family is in production and available for purchase. The product is appropriate for new designs but newer alternatives may exist.
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