Ultralow Power Boost Regulator with MPPT and Charge Management
The ADP5090 is an integrated boost regulator that converts dc power from PV cells or TEGs. The device charges storage elements such as rechargeable Li-Ion batteries, thin film batteries, super capacitors, and conventional capacitors, and powers up small electronic devices and battery-free systems.
The ADP5090 provides efficient conversion of the harvested limited power from a 16 µW to 200 mW range with sub-µW operation losses. With the internal cold-start circuit, the regulator can start operating at an input voltage as low as 380 mV. After cold startup, the regulator is functional at an input voltage range of 80 mV to 3.3 V.
By sensing the input voltage at the VIN pin, the control loop keeps the input voltage ripple in a fixed range to maintain stable dc-to-dc boost conversion. The VIN OCV sensing and programmable regulation points of the input voltage allow extraction of the highest possible energy from the PV cell or TEG harvester. A programmable minimum operation threshold (MINOP) enables boost shutdown during a low light condition. In addition, the DIS_SW pin can temporarily shut down the boost regulator and is RF transmission friendly.
The charging control function of ADP5090 protects rechargeable energy storage, which is achieved by monitoring the battery voltage with programmable charging termination voltage and shutdown discharging voltage. In addition, a programmable PGOOD flag monitors the SYS voltage.
An optional primary cell battery can be connected and managed by an integrated power path management control block that automatically switches the power source from the energy harvester, rechargeable battery, and primary cell battery.
The ADP5090 is available in a 16-lead, 3 mm × 3 mm LFCSP package and is rated for a −40°C to +125°C junction temperature range.
- PV cell energy harvesting
- TEG energy harvesting
- Battery regulator powered by solar panel
- Industrial monitoring
- Self-powered wireless sensor devices
- Portable and wearable devices with energy harvesting
This product has been released to the market. The data sheet contains all final specifications and operating conditions. For new designs, ADI recommends utilization of these products.
The ADP5090 evaluation board provides an easy way to evaluate the device. This user guide describes how to quickly set up the board and deliver up to 3.5 V maximum voltage to the SYS output using an external resistor divide. The internal switches turn on as long as the storage element voltage at BAT pin is above the externally programmed SETSD of 2.4 V. The PGOOD indicator toggles high when SYS ramps up to 3 V.
The ADP5090 demonstration platform converts light energy to electrical energy. The PV panel converts the light to 0.8 V electrical energy. The ADP5090 boosts the input voltage from 0.8 V to 3.5 V and stores the energy in a supercapacitor.
In addition, there is a low dropout (LDO) regulator on board that powers loads at lower voltage rails than the 3.5 V stored in the supercapacitor. The Alta Device PV cell is a light harvesting, dye sensitized PV cell. It is optimized for indoor environments, where lux levels of 200 lux to 1000 lux are typical. The ADP5090 is an ultralow power, synchronous, boost dc-to-dc regulator. The ADP5090 runs from input voltages of 0.38 V to 3.3 V and provides a high efficiency solution with integrated power switch, synchronous rectifier, and battery management. The demo platform provides an easy way to evaluate the device. Full details about the parts are available in the ADP5090 data sheet, which should be consulted when using the ADP5090-2-EVALZ. The system also plugs directly into the Analog Devices WSN demo platform.
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The USA list pricing shown is for BUDGETARY USE ONLY, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit for the stated volume), and is subject to change. International prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates. For volume-specific price or delivery quotes, please contact your local Analog Devices, Inc. sales office or authorized distributor. Pricing displayed for Evaluation Boards and Kits is based on 1-piece pricing.