AD8451:  Low Cost Precision Analog Front End and Controller for Battery Test/Formation Systems

Product Details

Product Status:Recommended for New Designs

The AD8451 is a precision analog front end and controller for testing and monitoring battery cells. A precision fixed gain instrumentation amplifier (IA) measures the battery charge/discharge current, and a fixed gain difference amplifier (DA) measures the battery voltage. Internal laser trimmed resistor networks set the gains for the IA and the DA, optimizing the performance of the AD8451 over the rated temperature range. The IA gain is 26 and the DA gain is 0.8.

Voltages at the ISET and VSET inputs set the desired constant current (CC) and constant voltage (CV) values. CC to CV switching is automatic and transparent to the system.

A TTL logic level input, MODE, selects the charge or discharge mode (high for charge, low for discharge). An analog output, VCTRL, interfaces directly with the Analog Devices, Inc., ADP1972 PWM controller.

The AD8451 simplifies designs by providing excellent accuracy, performance over temperature, flexibility with functionality, and overall reliability in a space-saving package. The AD8451 is available in an 80-lead, 14 mm × 14 mm × 1 mm LQFP package and is rated for an operating temperature of −40°C to +85°C.


  • Battery cell formation and testing
  • Battery module testing


  • Integrated constant current and voltage modes with automatic switchover
  • Charge and discharge modes
  • Precision voltage and current measurement
  • Integrated precision control feedback blocks
  • Precision interface to PWM or linear power converters
  • Fixed gain settings
    Current sense gain: 26 V/V (typ)
    Voltage sense gain: 0.8 V/V (typ)
  • Excellent ac and dc performance
  • Maximum offset voltage drift:
    0.9 μV/°C
  • Maximum gain drift: 3 ppm/°C
  • Low current sense amplifier input voltage noise: >9 nV/√Hz typ
  • Current sense CMRR:
    108 dB minimum
  • TTL compliant logic

Functional Block Diagram for AD8451

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Design Tools,Models,Drivers & Software

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AD8451 SPICE Macro Model SPICE Models HTML

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Price, packaging, availability

AD8451 Model Options
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The USA list pricing shown is for BUDGETARY USE ONLY, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit for the stated volume), and is subject to change. International prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates. For volume-specific price or delivery quotes, please contact your local Analog Devices, Inc. sales office or authorized distributor. Pricing displayed for Evaluation Boards and Kits is based on 1-piece pricing.

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