18-Bit, 5 MSPS, Data Acquisition System Optimized for AC Performance
Figure 1. 18-Bit, 5 MSPS Signal Chain (All Connections and Decoupling Not Shown)
The ADA4897-1 is an ideal candidate for driving the AD7960 high precision 18-bit, 5 MSPS SAR ADC. The ADA4897-1 is a low noise (1 nV/√Hz typical) and low power (3 mA) rail-to-rail output amplifier that has 230 MHz bandwidth, 120 V/μs slew rate, and settles to 0.1% in 45 ns.
The input signals to the ADA4897-1 op amps are filtered by the 820 Ω/ 100 pF network that has a bandwidth of 2 MHz. Additional filtering at the input of the AD7960 ADC is provided by the 33 Ω/ 56 pF network that has a bandwidth of 86 MHz. The latter filter helps to reduce the kick back coming from the cap DAC input of the AD7960 and limits the noise coming to the AD7960 inputs.
The circuit uses supplies of +7 V and −2.5 V for the input ADA4897-1 drivers to minimize power dissipation and to achieve the optimum system distortion performance. The ADA4897-1 output stage is rail-to-rail and swings to within 150 mV of each supply rail. The additional headroom afforded by the +7 V and −2.5 V supplies provides excellent distortion performance.
The AD7960 differential input range is set by a 5 V or 4.096 V external reference voltage. In Figure 1, the 5 V reference is supplied by the ADR4550 is a high precision, low power (max 950 μA operating current), low noise voltage reference featuring ±0.02% maximum initial error, excellent temperature stability, and low output noise. The AD8031 is used to buffer the external reference and the common-mode output voltage of the AD7960, and is an ideal for a wide range of applications, from battery-operated systems with large bandwidth to high-speed systems where component density requires lower power dissipation. The AD8031 is also stable for large capacitive loads, and can drive the decoupling capacitors that are required to minimize voltage spikes caused by transient currents.
The AD7960 digital interface uses low voltage differential signaling (LVDS) to enable high data transfer rates. An LVDS CLK+/CLK− signal must be applied to the AD7960 to transfer data to the digital host.
The AD7960, 5MSPS, 18-bit converter has ±0.8 LSB INL, ±0.5 LSB DNL, 100 dB DR, and dissipates only 46.5 mW. As shown in Figure 1, the AD7960 is powered from +5 V (VDD1) and +1.8 V (VDD2 and VIO) supplies. The required 5 V and 1.8 V supplies can be generated using LDOs such as ADP7104 and ADP124.
The AD7960 converts the differential voltage of the antiphase analog inputs (IN+ and IN−) into a digital output. The analog inputs, IN+ and IN−, require a common-mode voltage equal to one-half the reference voltage. The low noise and low power AD8031 amplifier buffers the +5V reference voltage from the low noise and low drift ADR4550 and it also buffers the common-mode output voltage (VCM) of the AD7960. The ADA4897-1 is configured as a unity gain buffer and drives the inputs of the AD7960 with a 0 V to 5 V differential anti-phase (180°out of phase with each other). Figure 2 shows the typical integral nonlinearity as a function of the AD7960 output code is within the specifications of ±0.8 LSB using a 5 V external reference.
Figure 2. AD7960 Typical Integral Nonlinearity vs. Output Code, REF = 5 V
Histogram and FFT Performance
The precision performance of the circuit shown in the histogram plot in Figure 3 and the FFT plot in Figure 4 using a 5 V external reference . The data was taken using the EVAL-AD7960FMCZ evaluation board and the Audio Precision SYS-2702 as a signal source.
Figure 3. Typical Histogram, REF = 5 V
Figure 4. 1 kHz, −0.5 dBFS Input Tone FFT, REF = 5 V
Complete schematics and layout of the printed circuit board can be found in the CN-0277 Design Support Package: www.analog.com/CN0277-DesignSupport .
The various options for connecting the reference voltage are controlled by the enable EN[0:3] pins of the AD7960 as described in the AD7960 datasheet. If a 0 V to 5 V input range is required, the ADR4550 reference can be used with the AD8031 reference buffer. This is done by setting the enable pins of the AD7960 as EN[0:3] = ‘X001’ or ‘X101’.
The ADA4897-1 and AD8031 single op amps can be replaced with their dual versions (ADA4897-2 and AD8032, respectively) if desired.
For optimized noise and distortion performance, the ADA4899-1 (15 mA), unity-gain stable, ultralow distortion, 1 nV/√Hz voltage noise, high speed op amp can be used instead of the ADA4897-1 in the circuit if desired.
A detailed schematic and user instructions are available in the EVAL-AD7960FMCZ user guide UG-490. This documentation describes how to run the ac/dc tests described in this circuit note.
Note that the user has the option to provide +7 V and −2.5 V supplies for the input amplifiers on the EVAL-AD7960FMCZ board from the external dual power supply.
A functional block diagram of the test setup is shown in Figure 5, and a photograph of the evaluation board is shown in Figure 6
The following equipment is required to test the circuit:
- The EVAL-AD7960FMCZ Evaluation Board and Software
- The System Demonstration Platform ( EVAL-SDP-CH1Z) board
- A low distortion signal generator, such as the Agilent 81150A or Audio Precision SYS2702
- A PC with a USB 2.0 port running Windows® XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7 (32-bit or 64-bit)
- A 12 V dc wall wart (included with EVAL-SDP-CH1Z board)
- USB interface Cable (1) and SMA cable (1)
Figure 5. Functional Diagram of Test Setup
Figure 6. EVAL-AD7960FMCZ Board Connected to EVAL-SDP-CH1Z Board
|AD7960||18-Bit, 5 MSPS PULSAR® Differential ADC||
|AD8032||2.7 V, 800 µA, 80 MHz Rail-to-Rail I/O Dual Amplifier||
|AD8031||2.7 V, 800 µA, 80 MHz Rail-to-Rail I/O Single Amplifier||
|ADA4897-1||1 nV/√Hz, Low Power, Rail-to-Rail Output Amplifiers||
|ADR4550||Ultra-Low-Noise, High-Accuracy 5.0V Voltage Reference||
|ADA4897-2||1 nV/√Hz, Low Power Operational Amplifier||