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Design NotesSimple Power Backup Supply for a 3.3 V Rail
Features and Benefits
- Bidirectional Synchronous Boost Capacitor Charger/Buck Regulator for System Backup
- Wide Input Voltage Range: 3V to 17V
- Up to 40V Capacitor Voltage Storage for High Energy Backup
- 2A Maximum CAP Charge Current
- Integrated Power N-Channel MOSFETs (150mΩ Top and 75mΩ Bottom)
- Integrated Power N-Channel MOSFET for Output/CAP Disconnect (50mΩ)
- Input Current Limit During Charging
- Fast 1MHz Switching Frequency
- ±1% Reference Accuracy for System Voltage Regulation
- Indicator Outputs for Charge Status and Input Power Fail
- Low Profile 24-lead 3mm × 5mm QFN Package
The LTC3643 is a bidirectional synchronous step-up charger and step-down converter which efficiently charges a capacitor array up to 40V from an input supply between 3V to 17V. When the input supply falls below the programmable power-fail threshold, the step-up charger operates in reverse as a synchronous step-down regulator to power the system rail from the backup capacitor during this power interuption/failure condition.
When charging the backup capacitor, an external low-value sense resistor may be used to maintain an accurate current limit from the input supply or implement PowerPath™ functionality.
The step-down converter operates at a 1MHz switching frequency, allowing small external components to be used. Low quiescent current during regulation maximizes the energy usage from the backup capacitor.
- Backup Capacitor Systems
- Power Failure Backup Systems
- Solid-State Drives
Product Lifecycle Production
At least one model within this product family is in production and available for purchase. The product is appropriate for new designs but newer alternatives may exist.
Evaluation Kits (1)
Demonstration circuit 2220A is a 2A, bidirectional charger/regulator featuring the LTC3643, a bidirectional synchronous step-up charger and step-down converter. DC2220A implements backup by charging a storage capacitor up to approximately 40V in boost mode, when the input voltage is present. It discharges the storage capacitor in buck mode, providing a regulated load voltage 5V when the input is removed. Its wide voltage range, both in capacitor charger mode and in system backup mode, makes it well suited to a wide variety of applications. The ability of the LTC3643 to boost an input rail to a relatively high voltage of 40V, combined with the DC2220 option of adding external capacitor banks, makes this regulator an excellent choice for energy storage applications.
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