The AD604 is an ultralow noise, very accurate, dual-channel, linear-in-dB variable gain amplifier (VGA) optimized for time-based variable gain control in ultrasound applications; however, it supports any application requiring low noise, wide bandwidth, variable gain control. Each channel of the AD604 provides a 300 kΩ input resistance and unipolar gain control for ease of use. User determined gain ranges, gain scaling (dB/V), and dc level shifting of output further optimize performance.
Each channel of the AD604 utilizes a high performance preamplifier that provides an input referred noise voltage of 0.8 nV/√Hz. The very accurate linear-in-dB response of the AD604 is achieved with the differential input exponential amplifier (DSX-AMP) architecture. Each of the DSX-AMPs comprise a variable attenuator of 0 dB to 48.36 dB followed by a high speed fixed gain amplifier. The attenuator is a 7-stage R-1.5R ladder network. The attenuation between tap points is 6.908 dB and 48.36 dB for the ladder network.
The equation for the linear-in-dB gain response is
Preamplifier gains between 5 and 10 (14 dB and 20 dB) provide overall gain ranges per channel of 0 dB through 48 dB and 6 dB through 54 dB. The two channels of the AD604 can be cascaded to provide greater levels of gain range by bypassing the second channel’s preamplifier. However, in multiple channel systems, cascading the AD604 with other devices in the AD60x VGA family that do not include a preamplifier may provide a more efficient solution. The AD604 provides access to the output of the preamplifier, allowing for external filtering between the preamplifier and the differential attenuator stage.
Note that scale factors up to 40 dB/V are achievable with reduced accuracy for scales above 30 dB/V. The gain scales linearly-in-dB with control voltages of 0.4 V to 2.4 V with the 20 dB/V scale. Below and above this gain control range, the gain begins to deviate from the ideal linear-in-dB control law. The gain control region below 0.1 V is not used for gain control. In fact when the gain control voltage is <50 mV, the amplifier channel is powered down to 1.9 mA.
The AD604 is available in 24-lead SSOP, SOIC, and PDIP packages and is guaranteed for operation over the −40°C to +85°C temperature range.
|Title||Content Type||File Type|
|AD604: Dual, Ultralow Noise Variable Gain Amplifier Data Sheet (Rev G, 12/2010) (pdf, 817 kB)||Data Sheets|
|Design and Operation of Automatic Gain Control Loops for Receivers in Modern Communication Systems (pdf, 129 kB)||Tutorials|
Choosing High-Speed Signal Processing Components for Ultrasound Systems
(Analog Dialogue, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1995)
Ultrasound System Considerations and their Impact on Front-End Components
(Analog Dialogue, Vol 36, No. 3)
|Variable Gain Amplifier Selection Table (pdf, 68 kB)||Product Selection Guide|
RF Source Booklet
(pdf, 815 kB)
RF IC Product Overview - Version O (11/2012)
|Leading Inside Advertorials: Solving Dynamic Range Problems in Analog Systems (pdf, 75 kB)||Overview|
|What are Variable Gain Amplifiers (VGA's) and how are they used?||FAQs/RAQs||HTML|
|RAQs index||Rarely Asked Questions||HTML|
|Glossary of EE Terms||Glossary||HTML|
|Title||Content Type||File Type|
|AD604 SPICE Macro-Model||SPICE Models||HTML|
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