Features and Benefits
- PCI Express Compliant
- Hot Swaps 12V, 3.3V, and 3.3V Auxiliary for 2 PCI-E Slots
- Integrated Power MOSFET for Auxiliary Supply Rails
- Controls dI/dt and dV/dt
- Active Current Limiting Protects Against Overcurrent/Short-Circuit Conditions
- Programmable Current-Limit Timeout
- PWRGD-bar Signal Outputs with Programmable Power-On Reset (POR) (160ms Default)
- Latched FAULT-bar Signal Output after Overcurrent or Overtemperature Fault
- Attention Switch Inputs/Outputs with 4ms Debounce
- Present-Detect Inputs
- Forced-On Inputs Facilitates Testing
- Thermal Shutdown
- Allows Control through SMBus with an I/O Expander
The MAX5946 dual hot-plug controller is designed for PCI Express® applications. The device provides hotplug control for 12V, 3.3V, and 3.3V auxiliary supplies of two PCI Express slots. The MAX5946's logic inputs/outputs allow interfacing directly with the system hot-plug management controller or through an SMBus with an external I/O expander. An integrated debounced attention switch and present-detect signals are included to simplify system design.
The MAX5946 drives four external n-channel MOSFETs to control the 12V and 3.3V main outputs. The 3.3V auxiliary outputs are controlled through internal 0.3Ω n-channel MOSFETs. Internal charge pumps provide gate drive for the 12V outputs while the gate drive of the 3.3V output is driven by the 12V input supply. The 3.3V auxiliary outputs are completely independent from the main outputs with their own charge pumps.
At power-up, the MAX5946 keeps all of the external MOSFETs off until the supplies rise above their respective undervoltage lockout (UVLO) thresholds. The device keeps the internal MOSFETs off only until the auxiliary input supply rises above its UVLO threshold. Upon a turn-on command, the MAX5946 enhances the external and internal MOSFETs slowly with a constant gate current to limit the power-supply inrush current. The MAX5946 actively limits the current of all outputs at all times and shuts down if an overcurrent condition persists for longer than a programmable overcurrent timeout. Thermal-protection circuitry also shuts down all outputs if the die temperature exceeds +150°C. After an overcurrent or overtemperature fault condition, the MAX5946L latches off while the MAX5946A automatically restarts after a restart time delay. The device is available in a 36-pin (6mm x 6mm) thin QFN package and operates over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range.
- Desktop/Mobile Server Platforms
- Embedded Devices
Product Lifecycle Production
At least one model within this product family is in production and available for purchase. The product is appropriate for new designs but newer alternatives may exist.
Documentation & Resources
MAX5946 Reliability Data1/12/2023125K
Tools & Simulations
ADI has always placed the highest emphasis on delivering products that meet the maximum levels of quality and reliability. We achieve this by incorporating quality and reliability checks in every scope of product and process design, and in the manufacturing process as well. "Zero defects" for shipped products is always our goal.
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