Consider New Precision Amplifiers for Updated Industrial Equipment Designs

Introduction

Industrial equipment is designed for long life cycles, so the electronic components used in industrial applications are often chosen with significant emphasis on proven performance, quality and reliability. Precision amplifiers are no exception. Even if new and innovative amplifiers become available over a product’s lifetime, a redesigned board is often built using the same proven op amps in the old board. Even for entirely new applications, designers will choose amplifiers that have proven their mettle in other circuits, making a choice based more on familiarity than performance.

Although an amplifier may have been tried and proven in a design, it is not necessarily the best solution for every new design. Many can benefit from using more recently released amplifiers, which can improve overall system performance, reduce power consumption, shrink the board real estate and expand the capability of the system while reducing component count.

Table 1 shows is a list of high performance amplifiers and their features. Many are pin compatible with older amplifiers, making it easy to swap them into existing designs to update industrial applications.

Table 1. Comparison of old and new high performance industrial amplifiers
Industry Standard Amplifiers Features Alternative Amplifiers Feature Improvements
LT1078
LT2078
• Precision
• Micropower
• Single Supply
LTC6078* • Higher Precision
• Lower Noise
• Faster
LT1012
LT1097
• Precision
• Low Noise
• Stable with any C-Load
LT1880 • Rail-to-Rail Out
LT1112
LT1114
• Low Powe
• Matching Specs
• C-Load Stable
LT1881 Family LT6010 Family • Higher Precision
• Rail-to-Rail Out
LT1494 • Ultralow Power
• Rail-to-Rail
• Precision
LT6003* • Lower Power
• Lower Supply Range
• Smaller Package
LT1008
LT1055 Family
LT1169
• Picoamp Input Bias Current LTC6240 Family*
LTC6084 Family*
LTC6088 Family*
• Lower Power
• Lower Noise
• Higher Precision
• Faster
• Rail-to-Rail Out
LT1013
LT1014
• Low Offset LT1490A LT1491A • Rail-to-Rail In/Out
• Over-The-Top
• Lower Noise
LT1028 • Low Noise
• Low Drift
• Unity Gain Stable
LT6200 Family*
LT6230 Family*
• Lower Power
• Faster
• Rail-to-Rail In/Out
LT1007
LT1037
• Low Noise LT1677 Family • Rail-to-Rail In/Out
LT1124 Family • Low Noise
• Low 1/f Corner
• Precision
LT6202 Family*
LT6233 Family*
• Lower Power
• Lower Noise
• Faster
• Rail-to-Rail In/Out
LTC1050 Family • Zero Drift
• No External Capacitors
LTC2050 Family* • Shutdown
• Lower Offset/Drift
Table 2. LT1056 vs LTC6240HV
Feature: LTC1056 LTC6240HV
Rail-to-Rail Outputs NO linear-logo
YES
Minimum Supply Voltage 10V linear-logo
2.8V
Maximum Supply Voltage linear-logo
40V
12V
Single Supply NO linear-logo
YES
Single Current 7mA linear-logo
3.3mA
VOS 800µV linear-logo
250µV
IB 150pA linear-logo
1pA
Noise Voltage Density 22nV/√Hz linear-logo
10nV/√Hz
GBW 5.5MHz linear-logo
18MHz
Slew Rate linear-logo
14V/µs
10V/µs
Settling Time linear-logo
600ns
900n
Table 3. LT1078 vs LTC6078
Feature: LT1078 LTC6078
Rail-to-Rail Outputs NO linear-logo
YES
Minimum Supply Voltage linear-logo
2.3V
2.7V
Maximum Supply Voltage linear-logo
44V
6V
Shutdown Mode NO linear-logo
YES
Supply Current linear-logo
50µA
72µA
VOS 120µV linear-logo
25µV
IB 10nA linear-logo
1pA
Noise Voltage Density 28nV/√Hz linear-logo
16nV/√Hz
GBW 200kHz linear-logo
750kHz

Old and New Amplifiers Go Head-to-Head

What follows is a comparison of some old and new amplifiers, where the new can easily be swapped in for the old. Figures 1 and 2 show two applications that can benefit from the updated features offered in recently released amps.

Figure 1. Precision: 1Hz to 10kHz voltage-to-frequency converter

Figure 2. AC speed: single battery, micropower, gain = 100 instrumentation amplifier

Rugged LT1494 vs Miniscule LT6003

The LT1494 (introduced in 1997) is a precision micropower (375µV offset voltage at 1.5µA supply current) rail-to-rail input and output amplifier ideal for low power battery operated applications. Its rugged design includes reverse battery protection along with Linear Technology’s Over-The-Top® feature, which allows inputs to operate above the voltage rails without affecting the amplifier.

For hand held systems where reducing space and extending battery life are top design priorities, the LT6003 can be swapped for the LT1494. The LT6003 is designed specifically with handheld devices in mind with higher integration, a smaller package, and a lower supply voltage than the LT1494.

The LT6003 also has a lower minimum supply voltage, 1.6V vs 2.2V for the LT1494. This feature allows the LT6003 to operate on a wider range of supplies and allows for a deeper discharge of alkaline batteries (known for the steep drop-off in battery voltage when depleted). The LT6003 further extends battery life with a lower supply current of 1µA vs 1.5µA for the LT1494. Consistent rail-to-rail inputs and outputs preserve dynamic range even at low supply voltages.

Furthermore, the LT6003 is offered in a tiny 2mm × 2mm DFN package, which is three times smaller than the LT1494’s MSOP package. The LT1494 still has the advantage of higher maximum supply voltage of up to 36V vs the 18V of the LT6003. Also, the Over-The-Top inputs of the LT1494 make it a great choice for applications in which the inputs may go above the positive supply.

The LT1677 Updates the LT1007 with Rail-to-Rail Inputs and Outputs

The LT1007, introduced in 1985 as one of Linear Technology’s first product releases, is a precision low noise 40V amplifier with a great combination of DC performance, high gain, and low noise performance, making it ideal for small signal applications. However, since neither the inputs nor the outputs are rail-to-rail, the designer must take care to consider the headroom required for the part to function properly. Systems that can benefit from rail-to-rail inputs and outputs as a way to increase dynamic range, to reduce the supply voltage, or to eliminate the negative supply rail altogether, should consider using the LT1677.

The LT1677 is a single supply drop-in update to the LT1007 with the added benefits of rail-to-rail inputs and outputs. An important feature in low voltage (as low as 3V), single-supply applications is the ability to maximize the dynamic range. The LT1677’s input common mode range can swing 100mV beyond either rail and the output is guaranteed to swing to within 170mV of either rail. This rail-to-rail benefit comes with minimal impact on noise and DC precision.

The LT1112 and LT1114 vs LT1881 Family and LT6010 Family

The LT1112 and LT1114 have a wide supply range of 2V to 40V, high precision and very low noise; there is not much missing from these older standards. An alternative to these parts is the LT1881 family, which adds rail-to-rail outputs. The LT1881 family brings the performance of the LT1112 to applications that need the wide dynamic range. Another option is the LT6010 family, which achieves higher precision than the LT1112/LT1114 and includes rail-to-rail outputs. It is especially attractive for low power applications due to its lower supply current and shutdown capability.

Conclusion

Amplifiers are highly versatile building blocks that can often be reused from one system design to the next, which can simplify redesign. The pitfall of reuse is that designers can miss out on the benefits offered by newer amplifiers, sometimes settling for sub-optimal performance, higher costs and larger system size, when a better solution is just as easy to use. Not only are most of the newer devices pin-to-pin functional equivalents, they offer additional benefits such as lower power, smaller size, or rail-to-rail outputs which can help next generation designs achieve longer battery life, better precision and smaller form factors.

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Brian Black