Features and Benefits
- ±2% LED Current Regulation
- ±2% Output Voltage Regulation
- 25,000:1 PWM Dimming at 100Hz
- 128:1 Internal PWM Dimming
- Spread Spectrum Frequency Modulation
- Silent Switcher® Architecture for Low EMI
- Operates in Boost, Buck Mode and Buck-Boost Mode
- 2.8V to 36V Input Voltage Range
- Up to 34V LED String Voltage
- 2.3A, 40V Internal Switches
- 200kHz to 2MHz Switching Frequency with SYNC
- Analog or Duty Cycle LED Current Control
- Open/Short LED Protection and Fault Indication
- Thermally Enhanced 28-Lead (4mm × 5mm) QFN
The LT3922-1 is a monolithic, synchronous, step-up DC/ DC converter that utilizes fixed-frequency, peak current control and provides PWM dimming for a string of LEDs. The LED current is programmed by an analog voltage or the duty cycle of pulses at the CTRL pin. The LT3922-1 will maintain ±2% current regulation through an external sense resistor over a wide range of output voltages.
The switching frequency is programmable from 200kHz to 2MHz by an external resistor at the RT pin or by an external clock applied at the SYNC/SPRD pin. With the optional spread spectrum frequency modulation enabled, the frequency varies from 100% to 125% to reduce EMI. The LT3922-1 also includes a driver for an external high side PMOS for PWM dimming and an internal PWM signal generator for analog control of PWM dimming. When an external signal is available, the LT3922-1 can perform 25,000:1 PWM dimming with 100Hz PWM pulses.
Additional features include an accurate external reference voltage for use with the CTRL and PWM pins, an LED current monitor, an accurate EN/UVLO pin threshold, open-drain fault reporting for open-circuit and short-circuit load conditions, and thermal shutdown.
- Automotive and Industrial Lighting
- Machine Vision
Product Lifecycle Production
At least one model within this product family is in production and available for purchase. The product is appropriate for new designs but newer alternatives may exist.
Evaluation Kits (1)
Demonstration circuit DC2857A is a 36V 2A synchronous 2MHz boost LED driver featuring the LT3922-1. It drives a single string of LEDs at 330mA up to 34V when VIN is between 7V and 28V. It runs down to 4VIN with reduced ILED and can withstand VIN as high as 36V, but has overvoltage lockout (OVLO) set for 28V for this application. DC2857A runs at 2MHz switching frequency. Spread spectrum frequency modulation (SSFM) can be turned on with a simple jumper, reducing EMI. DC2857A comes with low EMI features including optimized layout, SSFM and input EMI filter. It passes CISPR 25 class 5 conducted and radiated EMI. It is protected against both open and short LED conditions and reports the faults.
The LT3922-1 has an input voltage range from 2.8V to 36V. Its internal synchronous 2A 40V switches allow up to 34V of LEDs on the output with room for over voltage protection and overshoot during an open LED event. It has adjustable switching frequency between 200kHz and 2.5MHz. It can be synchronized to an external source or programmed with SSFM for low EMI. The PWMTG highside PWM MOSFET driver assists with short-circuit protection and versatility. LT3922-1 can be configured as a boost, boost-buck, or buck mode LED driver and maintain all of its low EMI, PWM dimming, and fault diagnostic features.
The LT3922-1 can be PWM dimmed with an external PWM signal or an internally-generated PWM signal. DC2857A has a jumper that can be set to switch between internallygenerated PWM signal, externally-generated PWM signal, and no PWM signal (100% on). It can be analog dimmed with a control voltage on its control pin (CTRL). When run with both PWM dimming and spread spectrum, the spread spectrum aligns itself with the PWM signal for flicker-free operation.
Small ceramic input and output capacitors are used to save space and cost. The board is designed with tiny, high frequency capacitors on both sides of the VOUT pins for a reduction in radiated EMI. The open LED overvoltage protection uses the IC’s constant voltage regulation loop to regulate the output to approximately 37.5V if the LED string is opened, although it may reach almost 40V peak during transient from running LEDs to open. There is a protection diode from LED+ to GND to prevent negative ringing during a short-circuit. The output current can be monitored through the ISMON output pin.
Undervoltage and overvoltage lockout can be adjusted on the circuit with a few simple resistor choices.
There is an EMI filter on the input of DC2857A. Please follow the recommend layout and four-layer thickness of DC2857A for low EMI applications.
The LT3922-1 data sheet gives a complete description of the part, operation and applications information. The LT3922EUFD-1 is assembled in a 28-lead plastic 4mm × 5mm QFN package with a thermally enhanced ground pad. Proper board layout is essential for maximum thermal performance. See the data sheet section Layout Considerations.
Tools & Simulations
LTspice® is a powerful, fast and free simulation software, schematic capture and waveform viewer with enhancements and models for improving the simulation of analog circuits.
Models for the following parts are available in LTspice:
ADI has always placed the highest emphasis on delivering products that meet the maximum levels of quality and reliability. We achieve this by incorporating quality and reliability checks in every scope of product and process design, and in the manufacturing process as well. "Zero defects" for shipped products is always our goal.
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