Features and Benefits
Silent Switcher®2 Architecture
- Ultralow EMI Emissions on Any PCB
- Eliminates PCB Layout Sensitivity
- Internal Bypass Capacitors Reduce Radiated EMI
- Optional Spread Spectrum Modulation
- High Efficiency at High Frequency
- Up to 95.5% Efficiency at 1MHz, 12VIN to 5VOUT
- Up to 93% Efficiency at 2MHz, 12VIN to 5VOUT
- Low Quiescent Current Burst Mode® Operation
- 100μA IQ Regulating 12VIN to 5VOUT
- Output Ripple < 10mVP-P
- Wide Input Voltage Range: 3V to 42V
- 15A Output Current
- External Compensation: Fast Transient Response and Current Sharing
- Fast Minimum Switch On-Time: 25ns
- Low Dropout Under All Conditions: 35mV at 1A
- Forced Continuous Mode
- Adjustable and Synchronizable: 200kHz to 2.2MHz
- Output Soft-Start and Power Good
- Safely Tolerates High Reverse Current
- Small 36-Lead 7mm × 4mm LQFN Package
- AEC-Q100 Qualified for Automotive Applications
The LT8648S synchronous step-down regulator features second generation Silent Switcher architecture designed to minimize EMI emissions while delivering high efficiency at high switching frequencies. This includes the integration of input and boost capacitors to optimize all the fast current loops inside and make it easy to achieve advertised EMI performance by reducing layout sensitivity. This performance makes the LT8648S ideal for noise sensitive applications and environments.
The fast, clean, low overshoot switching edges enable high efficiency operation even at high switching frequencies, leading to a small overall solution size. Peak current mode control with a 25ns minimum on-time allows high step down ratios even at high switching frequencies. External compensation via the VC pin allows for fast transient response at high switching frequencies. The VC pin also enables current sharing and a CLKOUT pin enables synchronizing other regulators to the LT8648S.
Burst Mode operation enables low standby current consumption, forced continuous mode can control frequency harmonics across the entire output load range, or spread spectrum operation can further reduce EMI emissions. Soft-start and tracking functionality is accessed via the SS pin, and an accurate input voltage UVLO threshold can be set using the EN/UV pin.
- Automotive and Industrial Supplies
- General Purpose Step-Down
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Product Lifecycle Recommended for New Designs
This product has been released to the market. The data sheet contains all final specifications and operating conditions. For new designs, ADI recommends utilization of these products.
Evaluation Kits (1)
Demonstration Circuit 2841A is a 42V, 15A synchronous step-down Silent Switcher 2 with spread spectrum frequency modulation featuring the LT8648S. The demo board is designed for 5V output from a 5.7V to 42V input. The wide input range allows a variety of input sources, such as automotive batteries and industrial supplies. The LT8648S is a compact, ultralow emission, high efficiency, and high speed synchronous monolithic stepdown switching regulator. The integrated bypass capacitors optimize the fast current loops and make it easier to minimize EMI emissions by reducing layout sensitivity. Selectable spread spectrum mode further improves EMI performance, making it perfect solution to the noise sensitive applications.
Peak current mode control with minimum on-time of as small as 25ns allows high step-down conversion even at high frequency. The LT8648S switching frequency can be programmed either via oscillator resistor or external clock over a 200kHz to 2.2MHz range. The default frequency of demo circuit 2841A is 400kHz.
The SYNC/MODE pin on the demo board DC2841A is grounded (JP1 at BURST position) by default for low ripple Burst Mode® operation. It can be configured into different operation modes through JP1 and SYNC terminal (Table 1).
Figure 1 shows the efficiency of the circuit at 12V input and 24V input in force continuous mode without spread spectrum. To get accurate efficiency measurement, measure the input voltage at the VIN SENSE terminal and measure the output voltage at the VO SENSE terminal.
Figure 2 shows the LT8648S temperature rising on DC2841A demo board under different load conditions. The LT8648S is assembled in a 7mm × 4mm LQFN package with exposed pads for low thermal resistance. The rated maximum load current is 15A, while derating is necessary for certain input voltage and thermal conditions.
The demo board has an EMI filter installed. The EMI performance of the board is shown on Figure 3. The red line in Radiated EMI Performance is CISPR25 Class 5 peak limit. The figure shows that the circuit passes the test with a wide margin. To achieve EMI performance as shown in Figure 3, the input EMI filter is required and the input voltage should be applied at VIN_EMI terminal, and the test setup can be referred to the CISPR25 standards. If the input is applied to VIN terminal, the EMI filter is bypassed.
The LT8648S data sheet gives a complete description of the part, operation and application information. The data sheet must be read in conjunction with this demo manual for DC2841A. The layout recommendations for low EMI operation and maximum thermal performance are available in the data sheet section Low EMI PCB Layout and Thermal Considerations and Peak Output Current. Contact ADI applications engineer for support.
Tools & Simulations
LTspice® is a powerful, fast and free simulation software, schematic capture and waveform viewer with enhancements and models for improving the simulation of analog circuits.
Models for the following parts are available in LTspice:
LTpowerCAD® is a power supply design program which selects power stage components, provides detailed power efficiency, shows quick loop Bode plot stability and load transient analysis, and can export to LTspice for simulation.
To open the project file for this circuit:
Step 1: Download and install LTpowerCAD on your computer.
Step 2: Click on the link(s) in the section below to download part-specific project files.
Step 3: If the project file doesn't run, right-click the link and select "Save Target As." Then start the LTpowerCAD tool and open the project file by selecing "Open Project" from the "File" menu.
LTpowerCAD Project Files
Design tools for the following parts are available in LTpowerCAD:
ADI has always placed the highest emphasis on delivering products that meet the maximum levels of quality and reliability. We achieve this by incorporating quality and reliability checks in every scope of product and process design, and in the manufacturing process as well. "Zero defects" for shipped products is always our goal.
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Pricing displayed is based on 1-piece. The USA list pricing shown is for budgetary use only, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit), and is subject to change. International prices may vary due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates.