The LT1675, a new 3-channel, 2-input 250MHz video multiplexer, is designed for pixel switching, video graphics and RGB routing. The complete circuit squeezes into a 16-lead SSOP package and uses only 0.25in2 of PC board area (Figure 1). The LT1675 features a fixed gain of 2 for driving double-terminated cables. By incorporating internal feedback resistors, the circuit simplifies PC board layout and boosts performance by eliminating stray capacitance. A single channel 2:1 MUX, the LT1675-1 is available in the small MSOP package. Table 1 summarizes the major performance specifications of this new multiplexer, and Figure 2 shows a typical application: switching between two RGB sources.
||RL = 150Ω||250MHz|
|0.1dB Gain Flatness||RL = 150Ω||70MHz|
|Crosstalk||Between Active Channels at 10MHz||–60dB|
|Slew Rate||RL = 150Ω||1100V/μs|
|Differential Gain||RL = 150Ω||0.07%|
|Differential Phase||RL = 150Ω||0.05°|
|Channel Select Time||RL = 150Ω, VIN = 1V||2.5ns|
|Enable Time||RL = 150Ω||10ns|
|Output Voltage Swing||RL = 150Ω||±3V|
|Output Offset Voltage||20mV|
|Supply Current||All Three Channels Active||30mA|
|Supply Current Disabled||1μA|
Expanding Inputs Does Not Increase Power Dissipation
In video-routing applications, where the ultimate in speed is not mandatory as it is in pixel switching, it is possible to expand the number of MUX inputs by shorting the LT1675 outputs together and switching between the two LT1675s with the ENABLE pins. This technique, shown in Figure 3, does not increase the power dissipation because LT1675s draw virtually zero current when disabled.
Add Your Own Logo
The circuit of Figure 4 highlights a section of picture under control of a synchronous key signal. The technique is used for adding the logo you see in the bottom corner of commercial television pictures or any type of overlay signal, such as a crosshair or a reticule. The key signal has two bits of control, so there can be four levels of highlighting: unmodified video, video plus 33% white, video plus 66% white and 100% white. Two LT1675s are configured as a 2-bit DAC, and resistors on the output set the relative bit weights. The output of the LT1675, labeled B, is one-half the weight of the A device. To properly match the 75Ω video cable, the output resistors are selected so the parallel combination of the two is 75Ω. The output will never exceed peak white, which is 0.714V for this NTSC-related RGB video. The reference white signal is adjusted to a lower level than peak white to make the effect less intrusive.