High Efficiency, 20 A, Monolithic Silent Switcher 2 Regulator for SoC and Microprocessor Applications

Power budgets continually rise for advanced SoC (system on chip) solutions used in industrial and automotive systems. Each successive SoC generation adds power hungry devices and increases data processing speed. These devices require reliable power, including 0.8V for cores, 1.2V and 1.1V for DDR3 and LPDDR4, and 5V, 3.3V and 1.8V for peripheral and auxiliary components. Moreover, advanced SoCs require higher performance than traditional PWM controllers and MOSFETs can provide. As a result, the solutions necessary must be more compact, with higher current capability, higher efficiency, and more importantly, superior EMI performance. This is where our Power by Linear Monolithic Silent Switcher 2 buck regulators can satisfy advanced SoC power budgets while meeting SoC size and thermal constraints.

20A Solution from 20V Input for an SoC

The LTC7150S raises the bar for high performance in industrial and automotive power supplies. It features high efficiency, small form factor and low EMI. Integrated high performance MOSFETs and thermal management features enable reliable and continuous delivery of currents up to 20A from input voltages up to 20V without heat sinking or airflow, making it ideal for SoCs, FPGA, DSP, GPU and µPs in industrial, transportation and automotive applications.

Figure 1 shows a 1.2V output at 20A solution for SoC and CPU power using the LTC7150S switching at 1MHz. This circuit can be easily modified to accommodate other output combinations, including 3.3V, 1.8V, 1.1V and 0.6V to take advantage of the wide input range of the LTC7150S. The LTC7150S has the output current capability to act as a first stage 5V supply, which can be followed by a number of downstream second-stage switching or LDO regulators at various outputs.

Figure 1. Schematic and efficiency of the buck converter: 12 VIN to 1.2 VOUT at 20 A.

Silent Switcher 2 with Excellent EMI Performance

Passing EMI regulations at high currents typically involves a complicated design and test challenge, including numerous trade-offs in solution size, efficiency, reliability and complexity. Traditional approaches control EMI by slowing down the MOSFET switching edge rates and/or lowering switching frequency. Both of these strategies come with trade-offs, such as reduced efficiency, increased minimum on- and off-times and larger solution size. Alternative mitigation techniques, such as a complicated bulky EMI filter or metal shielding, add significant costs in board space, components and assembly, while complicating thermal management and testing.

Figure 2. VIN = 14 V, VOUT = 1 V, 20 A. fSW = 400 kHz.

Analog Devices’ proprietary Silent Switcher 2 architecture self-cancels EMI via integrated hot loop capacitors, minimizing noisy antenna size. This, combined with integrated MOSFETs, significantly reduces switching node ringing and associated energy stored in the hot loop, even with very fast switching edges. The result is exceptional EMI performance while minimizing the AC switching losses. Silent Switcher 2 is incorporated in the LTC7150S to minimize EMI and deliver high efficiency, greatly simplifying EMI filter design and layout, ideal for noise-sensitive environments. LTC7150S passes the CISPR22/32 conducted and radiated EMI peak limits with only a simple EMI filter in front. Figure 3 shows the radiated EMI CISPR 22 test result.

Figure 3. The radiated EMI performance of Figure 2.

High Frequency, High Efficiency Fits Tight Space

Integrated MOSFETs, integrated hot-loop decoupling capacitors, built-in compensation circuit—all take the design complexity out of the system and minimize total solution size with circuitry simplicity and Silent Switcher architecture.

Thanks to high-performance power conversion, LTC7150S delivers high current without the need for additional heat sinks or airflow. Unlike most solutions, both low EMI and high efficiency can be achieved at high frequency operation, ensuring small passive component size. Figure 4 shows a 2MHz solution, which uses a small 72nH inductor and all ceramic capacitors in a very low profile solution for FPGA and µP applications.

Figure 4. LTC7150S schematic and thermal image for 5 V input to 0.85 V/20 A output with fSW = 2 MHz.

Conclusion

The demand for more intelligence, automation, and sensing in industrial and automotive environments is resulting in a proliferation of electronic systems that require increasingly high performance power supplies. Low EMI has risen from an afterthought to a key power supply requirement—in addition to solution size, high efficiency, thermal efficiency, robustness, and ease-of-use. The LTC7150S meets stringent EMI demands in a compact footprint by incorporating Silent Switcher 2 technology. Integrated MOSFETs and thermal management features enable robust and reliable delivery of currents up to 20A continuously from input ranges up to 20V, with switching frequency ranges as high as 3MHz.

作者

Zhongming Ye

Zhongming Ye

Zhongming Ye 是ADI公司的一名电源产品高级应用工程师,工作地点位于美国加利福尼亚州米尔皮塔斯。他自2009年以来一直在凌力尔特(现为ADI公司)工作,负责提供各种不同产品的应用支持,包括降压、升压、反激式和正激式转换器。他在电源管理领域的关注点包括面向汽车、医疗和工业应用的高效率、高功率密度和低EMI的高性能电源转换器和稳压器。在加入凌力尔特之前,他在Intersil工作了三年,从事隔离式电源产品的PWM控制器相关工作。他拥有加拿大金斯顿女王大学电气工程博士学位。Zhongming是IEEE电力电子学会的高级会员。