CN0162: Analog Audio Input, Class-D Output with the ADAU1701 SigmaDSP Codec, Low Power SSM2306 Class-D Amplifier, and ADP3336 LDO Regulator

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OVERVIEW

Circuit Note PDF, 11/2010 (pdf, 134 kB)
Benefits & Features
  • Audio codec with class D amplifier
  • Capable of stereo audio processing
  • Configurations for both line output and amplified output
Products Used
    Applications: 
  • Infotainment
  • Consumer
Design Resources
Device Drivers
Software, such as C code and/or FPGA code, used to communicate with a component's digital interface.

CIRCUIT FUNCTION AND BENEFITS

The circuit shown in Figure 1 connects an ADAU1701 codec with an integrated SigmaDSP® core to an SSM2306 2 W stereo Class-D amplifier and an ADP3336 low dropout regulator. The ADAU1701 has two ADCs and four DACs; therefore, it can process a stereo audio signal and output discretely processed signals to both a line-level output and an amplified output. This allows the line and amplified outputs to be processed in the SigmaDSP core with different signal processing, such as custom EQ, compressors tailored to the clip level of the specific output, or spatialization effects tuned to the specific speaker configurations. The ADP3336 generates the 3.3 V supply for the ADAU1701. The SSM2306 is a stereo 2 W Class-D amplifier with ultralow idle current and high efficiency. The amplifier does not require bulky external inductors, but it does require minimal external components and has a small system footprint. The amplifier’s voltage is not supplied from the regulator but rather directly from the 5 V system supply. This system can provide an audio signal processing path output to a low power efficient amplifier for systems such as radios, multimedia docks, or PC speakers.

Figure 1. Class-D Amplifier Connection to Audio Codec and Voltage Regulator (Simplified Schematic: Power Supply Decoupling and All Connections Not Shown)

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

The DAC outputs of the ADAU1701 are connected to the SSM2306 with a single resistor and capacitor on each input of the amplifier. The 0.10 μF capacitors and 13.0 kΩ resistors in series between the output of the ADAU1701 and the input of the SSM2306 implement a high-pass filter at 28 Hz. These resistors also set the gain of the amplifier to about 6 dB. The full-scale output of the ADAU1701 is 0.9 V rms; therefore, the SSM2306 amplifies this to a full-scale 1.8 V rms (5.09 V p-p). With the SSM2306’s VDD = 5 V, this full-scale value closely matches the clip level of the amplifier.

This circuit uses one of the ADAU1701 multipurpose (MP) pins to control the active-low shutdown pin of the SSM2306. This connection, with a 10 kΩ pull-up resistor, enables the SigmaDSP program to cleanly disable the Class-D amplifier without pops and clicks.

The Class-D amplifier outputs of the SSM2306 are stable with just a ferrite bead and a 1.0 nF capacitor on each pin before the speaker.

The SSM2306 can take its supply voltage directly from the 5 V supply, such as from a battery, but the ADAU1701 requires a regulated 3.3 V supply, which is generated by the ADP3336. The output voltage of the ADP3336 is programmed to 3.3 V with 140 kΩ and 78.7 kΩ feedback resistors. The output of the regulator is stable with a single capacitor as low as 1.0 μF between the output pins and ground. The 1.0 μF capacitor on the input of the regulator is used for decoupling any stray inductance between the board and the 5 V source. In this circuit, the shutdown pin of the regulator is simply tied to the input voltage so that the IC is enabled when the input voltage is present.

COMMON VARIATIONS

This circuit can also be set up with another SigmaDSP processor with integrated DACs, such as the ADAU1761, instead of the ADAU1701. The ADAU1702 can also be used in place of the ADAU1701; it differs only in its SigmaDSP program and data memory sizes.

The SSM2301, SSM2302, and SSM2304 Class-D amplifiers differ slightly from the SSM2306 used in this design. These three amplifiers do not require external resistors on the audio inputs to set the gain. The SSM2301 is a mono, rather than a stereo, amplifier.

SAMPLE PRODUCTS USED IN THIS CIRCUIT

Product Description Available Product Models to Sample
ADAU1701 SigmaDSP® 28/56-Bit Audio Processor with Two ADCs and Four DACs ADAU1701JSTZ
ADP3336 Small, Adjustable Output, 500 mA anyCAP® Low Dropout Regulator ADP3336ARMZ-REEL7
SSM2306 2 W, Filterless, Class-D Stereo Audio Amplifier SSM2306CPZ-REEL7
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