CN0056: Interfacing the ADL5315 High Side Current Mirror to a Translinear Logarithmic Amplifier in a Photodiode Power Detector Application

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OVERVIEW

Circuit Note PDF, 09/2010 (pdf, 107 kB)
Benefits & Features
  • High Side Current Monitor of PIN Photodiode
  • Translinear Logarithmic Amplifier
  • Wide Input Current Range 3nA - 3mA
    Applications: 
  • Communications
  • Communications
  • Metering & Energy Monitoring

CIRCUIT FUNCTION AND BENEFITS

The ADL5315 addresses the need for precision high-side monitoring of PIN photodiode current in fiber optic systems and is useful in many nonoptical applications as well. It is optimized for use with the Analog Devices, Inc., family of translinear logarithmic amplifiers, which take advantage of the wide input current range of the ADL5315. The circuit presented in this document and shown in Figure 1 provides high accuracy power monitoring using the ADL5315 precision wide-range, high-side current mirror and the AD8305 translinear logarithmic amplifier (log amp). This configuration is ideal for high accuracy power monitoring because the full current mirror range (3 nA to 3 mA) of the ADL5315 can be used.

Figure 1. Connecting the ADL5315 to the AD8305 (Simplified Schematic: Decoupling and All Connections Not Shown)

The measured rms noise voltage at the output of the AD8305 vs. the input current is shown in Figure 2, both for the AD8305 by itself and in cascade with the ADL5315. The relatively low noise produced by the ADL5315, combined with the additional noise filtering inherent in the frequency response characteristics of the AD8305, results in minimal degradation to the noise performance of the AD8305.

Figure 2. RMS Noise of the AD8305 vs. the AD8305 Cascaded with the ADL5315

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

In this application, the ADL5315 sets the bias voltage on the input PIN photodiode. This voltage is delivered at the INPT pin of the AD8305 and is controlled by the voltage at the VSET pin. VSET is driven by the on-board reference, VSREF, which is equal to VPOS − 1 V.

The input current, INPT, is precisely mirrored at a ratio of 1:1 to the IOUT pin. This interface is optimized for use with any of Analog Devices translinear logarithmic amplifiers (for example, the AD8304 or AD8305) to offer a precise, wide dynamic range measurement of the optical power incident upon the PIN diode.

The ADL5315 is primarily designed for wide dynamic range applications, simplifying power monitoring designs where access is only permitted to the cathode of a PIN photodiode or receiver module.

Figure 3 shows a more generic application where the ADL5315 is used to provide an accurate bias to a PIN diode while simul-taneously mirroring the diode current to be measured by a translinear logarithmic amplifier.

If a linear voltage output is preferred at IOUT, a single external resistor to ground is all that is necessary to perform the conversion.

Careful consideration should be given to the layout of the circuit board in this configuration. Leakage current paths in the board itself could lead to measurement errors at the output of the translinear log amp, particularly when measuring the low end of the ADL5315’s dynamic range. It is recommended that, when designing such an interface, a guard potential be used to mini-mize this leakage. This can be done by connecting the VSUM pin of the translinear log amp to the NC pin of the ADL5315, with the VSUM guard trace running on both sides of the IOUT trace, as shown in Figure 1. Additional details on using VSUM can be found in the AD8304 and AD8305 data sheets. The VSET pin of the ADL5315 can be used in a similar fashion to guard the INPT trace.

The circuit must be constructed on a multilayer PC board with a large area ground plane. Proper layout, grounding, and decoupling techniques must be used to achieve optimum performance (see MT-031 Tutorial, MT-101 Tutorial, ADL5315 evaluation board layout, and AD8305 evaluation board layout).

Figure 3: Typical Connection of ADL5315 to Translinear Logarithmic Amplifier (Simplified Schematic: Decoupling and All Connections Not Shown)

COMMON VARIATIONS

The AD8304, ADL5306 and ADL5310 amplifiers can be connected to the ADL5315 in a similar fashion.

SAMPLE PRODUCTS USED IN THIS CIRCUIT

Product Description Available Product Models to Sample
AD8304 160 dB Logarithmic Amplifier with Photo-Diode Interface AD8304ARUZ
AD8305 100 dB-range (10nA-1mA) Logarithmic Converter AD8305ACPZ-RL7
ADL5306 60 dB-RANGE (100 nA-100 µA) Low-Cost Logarithmic Converter ADL5306ACPZ-REEL7
ADL5310 120 dB RANGE (3 nA TO 3 mA) Dual Logarithmic Converter ADL5310ACPZ-REEL7
ADL5315 Precision Wide-range (3 nA - 3 mA) High-Side Current Mirror ADL5315ACPZ-R7
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