4.5ns Dual-Comparator-Based Crystal Oscillator has 50% Duty Cycle and Complementary Outputs

Figure 1’s circuit uses the LT1720 dual comparator in a 50% duty cycle crystal oscillator. Output frequencies of up to 10MHz are practical.

Figure 1. Crystal oscillator has complementary outputs and 50% duty cycle. A1’s feedback maintains output duty cycle despite supply variations.

Resistors at C1’s positive input set a DC bias point. The 2k–0.068µF path furnishes phase-shifted feedback and C1 acts like a wideband, unity-gain follower at DC. The crystal’s path provides resonant positive feedback and stable oscillation occurs. C2, sensing C1’s input, provides a low skew, complementary output. A1 compares band-limited versions of the outputs and biases C1’s negative input. C1’s only degree of freedom to respond is variation of pulse width; hence, the outputs are forced to 50% duty cycle.

The circuit operates with AT-cut fundamental crystals from 1MHz to 10MHz, over a 2.7V–6V power supply range. 50% duty cycle is maintained at all supply voltages, with output skew below 800 picoseconds. Figure 2 plots skew, which is seen to vary by about 800ps over a 2.7V–6V supply excursion.

Figure 2. Output skew varies only 800ps over a 2.7V–6V supply excursion.

作者

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Joseph Petrofsky

Jim-Williams

Jim Williams

James M. Williams(1948年4月14日-2011年6月12日)是一名模拟电路设计人员兼技术文章作者,先后就职于麻省理工学院(1968–1979)、Philbrick、National Semiconductor (1979–1982)和凌力尔特公司(LTC) (1982–2011)。[1]他撰写了350多篇有关模拟电路设计的论文[2],包括5本书、21篇National Semiconductor应用笔记、62篇凌力尔特应用笔记以及超过125篇《EDN》杂志文章。 Williams于2011年6月10日中风,6月12日去世