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Demonstration circuit 2137A is a monolithic step-down DC/DC switching regulator featuring the LT®8619. The LT8619 is a high efficiency, high speed synchronous monolithic step-down switching regulator that consumes only 6µA of quiescent current. The demo circuit is designed for 5V, 1.2A output from 6V to 48V input with the transient input voltage up to 60V. The wide input range makes it suitable for regulating power from a wide variety of sources, including automotive, industrial systems and telecom supplies. The power switch, compensation and other necessary circuits are inside of the LT8619 to minimize external components and simplify design.
The LT8619 switching frequency can be programmed either via oscillator resistor or external clock over a 300kHz to 2.2MHz range. The default frequency of demo circuit 2137A is 2MHz. The SYNC pin on the demo board is grounded (JP1 at BURST position) by default for low ripple Burst Mode® operation. To synchronize to an external clock, move JP1 to SYNC and apply the external clock to the SYNC terminal. The RT resistor (R4) should be chosen to set the LT8619 internal switching frequency equal or below the lowest synchronization input. During clock synchronization, the controller enters forced continuous mode. Pulse-skipping mode and forced continuous mode can be selected respectively by moving JP1 shunt.
Low ripple Burst Mode operation increases the efficiency at the light load while keeping the output ripple low. Figure 1 shows the efficiency of the circuit at 12V and 24V input in Burst Mode operation (input from VIN terminal to bypass the EMI filter).
The demo board has an EMI filter installed. The EMI performance of the board (with EMI filter) is shown on Figure 2. The red line in Radiated EMI Performance is CISPR25 Class 5 peak limit. The figure shows that the circuit passes the test with a wide margin. To achieve EMI/ EMC performance as shown in Figure 2, the input EMI filter is required and the input voltage should be applied at VEMI terminal.
The LT8619 data sheet gives a complete description of the part, operation and application information. The data sheet must be read in conjunction with this demo manual for demo circuit 2137A. The LT8619 is assembled in a small 16-lead MSOP and 10-lead 3mm × 3mm DFN packages with exposed pad. Proper board layout is essential for both low EMI operation and maximum thermal performance. See the data sheet sections for details.