1.2A Overvoltage/Overcurrent Protector Isolates Sensitive Low Voltage Electronics from Input Power Surges
Linear Technology Corporation introduces the LTC4362, a 2.5V to 5.5V overvoltage and overcurrent protector designed to safeguard low voltage, portable electronics from damaging input voltage transients and current surges. Overvoltage events can occur due to power adapter failure or faults, or when hot-plugging an AC adapter into a device's power input. Inadvertently plugging the wrong power adapter into a device can potentially cause damage from overvoltage or negative supply voltage. The LTC4362 utilizes a 2% accurate 5.8V overvoltage threshold to detect an overvoltage event and responds quickly within 1µs (max) to isolate the downstream components from the input. Overvoltage protection of up to 28V is achieved with an internal, avalanche rated, low RDS(ON) MOSFET, and rides through inductive cable transients without requiring transient voltage suppressors (TVS) or other external components in most applications. In addition, the LTC4362 monitors the voltage drop across an internal current sense resistor to provide a 20% accurate, 1.5A overcurrent threshold. The LTC4362 is targeted for portable electronics with multiple power supply options, such as cell phones, MP3/MP4 players, digital cameras that charge via wall and car battery adapters and USB ports.
The LTC4362 controls an internal 40mΩ N-channel MOSFET so that under normal operation it provides a low loss path from the input to the load. Inrush current limiting is achieved with a controlled gate voltage slew rate. If the voltage at the input exceeds the overvoltage threshold of 5.8V, the GATE is pulled low within 1us to protect the load. The LTC4362 features a soft shutdown controlled by the /ON pin and provides a gate drive output for an optional external P-channel MOSFET for reverse voltage protection. A power good output pin indicates gate turn on. The LTC4362 is available in two options; the LTC4362-1 latches off after an overcurrent event, whereas the LTC4362-2 performs an auto-retry following a 130ms delay. Following an overvoltage condition, both options automatically restart with a start-up delay.
Specified over the full commercial and industrial temperature ranges, the LTC4362 is offered in 8-pin, 2mm × 3mm DFN packages. Evaluation boards and samples are available online. The LTC4362 is priced at $1.60 each in 1,000-piece quantities, and is available today in production. For more information, visit www.linear.com/product/LTC4362.
Summary Features LTC4362
- 2.5V to 5.5V Operation
- Overvoltage Protection Up to 28V
- Internal 40mOhm N-Channel MOSFET & 31mOhm RSENSE
- Avalanche Rated MOSFET Requires No Input Capacitor or TVS for Most Applications
- <1µs Overvoltage Turn-Off, Gentle Shutdown
- 2% Accurate 5.8V Overvoltage Threshold
- 20% Accurate 1.5A Overcurrent Threshold
- Input Withstands Up to ±25kV HBM ESD with 1µF COUT
- Controlled Power-Up dV/dt Limits Inrush Current
- Reverse Voltage Protection
- Power Good Output
- Low Current Shutdown (1.5µA)
- Latchoff (LTC4362-1) or Auto-Retry (LTC4362-2) After Overcurrent
- Available in 8-Pin (2mm × 3mm) DFN Packages
20V Hot-Plug into the LTC4362
Editor's Contact Information
- Doug Dickinson