120 MHz, 50 dB Demodulating Logarithmic Amplifier
The AD640 is a complete monolithic logarithmic amplifier. A single AD640 provides up to 50 dB of dynamic range for frequencies from dc to 120 MHz. Two AD640s in cascade can provide up to 95 dB of dynamic range at reduced bandwidth. The AD640 uses a successive detection scheme to provide an output current proportional to the logarithm of the input voltage. It is laser calibrated to close tolerances and maintains high accuracy over the full military temperature range using supply voltages from ±4.5 V to ±7.5 V.
The AD640 comprises five cascaded dc coupled amplifier/limiter stages, each having a small signal voltage gain of 10 dB and a -3 dB bandwidth of 350 MHz. Each stage has an associated full-wave detector, whose output current depends on the absolute value of its input voltage. The five outputs are summed to provide the video output (when low-pass filtered) scaled at 1 mA per decade (50 µA per dB). On chip resistors can be used to convert this output current to a voltage with several convenient slope options. A balanced signal output at +50 dB (referred to input) is provided to operate AD640s in cascade.
The logarithmic response is absolutely calibrated to within ±l dB for dc or square wave inputs from ±0.75 mV to ±200 mV,with an intercept (logarithmic offset) at 1 mV dc. An integral X10 attenuator provides an alternative input range of ±7.5 mV to ±2 V dc. Scaling is also guaranteed for sinusoidal inputs.
The AD640B is specified for the industrial temperature range of -40°C to +85°C and the AD640T, available processed to MIL-STD- 883B, for the military range of -55°C to +125°C. Both are available in 20-pin side brazed ceramic DIPs or leadless chip carriers (LCC). The AD640J is specified for the commercial temperature range of 0°C to +70°C, and is available in both 20-pin plastic DIP (N) and PLCC (P) packages.
This device is now available to Standard Military Drawing (DESC) number 5962-9095501MRA and 5962-9095501M2A.
An evaluation board is available for this product and may be ordered using the following product number: AD640-EB.
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At least one model within this product family is in production and available for purchase. The product is appropriate for new designs but newer alternatives may exist.
Solutions Bulletins & Brochures
Space Qualified Parts List
Detecting Fast RF Bursts Using Log Amps
(Analog Dialogue, Vol. 36, No. 5, September-October, 2002)
Choosing High-Speed Signal Processing Components for Ultrasound Systems
(Analog Dialogue, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1995)
Ask The Applications Engineer - 28 Logarithmic Amplifiers-Explained
(Analog Dialogue, Vol. 33, No. 3, March, 1999)
Accurate Gain/Phase Measurement at Radio Frequencies up to 2.5 GHz
(Analog Dialogue, Vol. 35, No. 5, October, 2001)
ADI has always placed the highest emphasis on delivering products that meet the maximum levels of quality and reliability. We achieve this by incorporating quality and reliability checks in every scope of product and process design, and in the manufacturing process as well. "Zero defects" for shipped products is always our goal.
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The USA list pricing shown is for BUDGETARY USE ONLY, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit for the stated volume), and is subject to change. International prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates. For volume-specific price or delivery quotes, please contact your local Analog Devices, Inc. sales office or authorized distributor. Pricing displayed for Evaluation Boards and Kits is based on 1-piece pricing.