A CMOS compatible, level-dependent, digital input can be used for PWM control of the LED brightness. VO is turned on when the PWM input is high and turned off when the input is low. The AD8240 is designed to work with a PWM frequency up to 500 Hz, and a typical PWM range from 5% to 95%.
Open LED detection is accomplished by measuring the change in LED lamp current caused by an open LED(s) through the use of an internal high-side current-sense amplifier that amplifies the voltage across an external current shunt. The voltage across the shunt resistor is amplified to a level that can be measured by a microcontroller A/D converter or a comparator. The ability to measure the change in LED lamp current is the key benefit of constant-voltage LED lamp driving.
The output is current-limited by latching off the output voltage when the current reaches a preset level. The current limit is set by selecting the value of the external current shunt that causes the output of the sense amplifier to slightly exceed the 5 V reference level when the current exceeds a maximum level. When the sense amplifier output exceeds 5 V, it trips an internal comparator that causes the driver to latch off the output voltage. The latch is reset during the next PWM cycle. The overcurrent condition can also be detected by a microcontroller or external comparator by measuring the sense amplifier output.
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by Scott Beversdorf and Charles Whiting, Analog Devices, Inc. (Analog Dialogue 38-04, April 2004)
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