Mono 2.9 W Class-D Audio Amplifier with Digital Current and Voltage Output
The SSM4321 is a fully integrated, high efficiency, Class-D audio amplifier with digitized output of output voltage, output current, and the PVDD supply voltage. It is designed to maximize performance for mobile phone applications. The application circuit requires a minimum of external components and operates from a 2.5 V to 5.5 V supply for the amplifier and a 1.42 V to 3.6 V supply for input/output. The SSM4321 is capable of delivering 2.2 W of continuous output power with <1% THD + N driving a 4 Ω load from a 5.0 V supply with a 0.1 Ω V/I sense resistor.
The SSM4321 features a high efficiency, low noise modulation scheme that requires no external LC output filters. The modulation scheme provides high efficiency even at low output power. The SSM4321 operates with 89% efficiency at 1.4 W into 8 Ω from a 5.0 V supply with an SNR of >100 dB.
The SSM4321 includes circuitry to sense output current, output voltage, and the PVDD supply voltage. Current sense is performed using an external sense resistor that is connected between an output pin and the load. The output current and voltage are sent to ADCs with 16-bit resolution; the PVDD supply voltage is sent to an ADC with 8-bit resolution.
The outputs of these ADCs are available on the TDM or I2S output serial port. The SLOT pin is used to determine which of four possible output slots is used on the TDM interface. A stereo I2S interface can be selected by reversing the pin connections for BCLK and FSYNC. Also, a direct PDM bit stream of voltage and current data can be selected via the SLOT pin.
Spread-spectrum pulse density modulation (PDM) is used to provide lower EMI-radiated emissions compared with other Class-D architectures. The inherent randomized nature of spread-spectrum PDM eliminates the clock intermodulation (beating effect) of several amplifiers in close proximity.
The SSM4321 produces ultralow EMI emissions that significantly reduce the radiated emissions at the Class-D outputs, particularly above 100 MHz. The ultralow EMI emissions of the SSM4321 are also helpful for antenna and RF sensitivity problems.
The device includes a highly flexible gain select pin that requires only one series resistor to select a gain setting of 0 dB, 3 dB, 6 dB, 9 dB, or 12 dB. Input impedance is fixed at 80 kΩ, independent of the selected gain.
The SSM4321 has a shutdown mode with a typical shutdown current of <1 μA. Shutdown is enabled by removing the BCLK input. A clock must be present on the BCLK pin for the part to operate. The device also includes pop-and-click suppression circuitry, which minimizes voltage glitches at the output during turn-on and turn-off, reducing audible noise on activation and deactivation.
The SSM4321 is specified over the industrial temperature range of −40°C to +85°C. It has built-in thermal shutdown and output short-circuit protection. It is available in a halide-free, 16-ball, 0.4 mm pitch, 1.74 mm × 1.74 mm wafer level chip scale package (WLCSP).
- Mobile phones
- MP3 players
- Portable electronics
Comparable Parts Click to see all in Parametric Search
This product has been released to the market. The data sheet contains all final specifications and operating conditions. For new designs, ADI recommends utilization of these products.
The SSM4321 includes circuitry to sense output current, output voltage, and the PVDD supply voltage. Current sense is performed using an external sense resistor that is connected between an output pin and the load. Output current and voltage are sent to an ADC with 16-bit resolution and PVDD is sent to an ADC with 8-bit resolution. The outputs of these ADCs are available on the TDM or I2S output serial port. The SLOT pin is used to determine which of 4 possible output slots is used on the TDM interface. A stereo I2S interface can be selected by swapping the pin connections for BCLK and FSYNC. Alternatively, a direct PDM bitstream of voltage and current data can be selected via the SLOT pin.
Spread spectrum pulse density modulation (PDM) is used to provide lower EMI-radiated emissions compared with other Class-D architectures. The inherent randomized nature of spread spectrum PDM eliminates clock intermodulation (beating effect) of several amplifiers in close proximity. The SSM4321 includes an optional modulation select pin that enables a low EMI mode, which significantly reduces the radiated emissions at the Class-D outputs, particularly above 100 MHz. With this option selected, the SSM4321 can pass FCC Class B radiated emissions testing with a 50 cm unshielded speaker cable without any external filtering.
The device also includes a flexible gain select pin that only requires one series resistor to select among 0 dB, 3 dB, 6 dB, 9 dB, or 12 dB. The benefit of this is to improve gain matching between multiple SSM4321 devices within a single application as compared to using external resistors to set gain.
ADI has always placed the highest emphasis on delivering products that meet the maximum levels of quality and reliability. We achieve this by incorporating quality and reliability checks in every scope of product and process design, and in the manufacturing process as well. "Zero defects" for shipped products is always our goal.
The USA list pricing shown is for BUDGETARY USE ONLY, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit for the stated volume), and is subject to change. International prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates. For volume-specific price or delivery quotes, please contact your local Analog Devices, Inc. sales office or authorized distributor. Pricing displayed for Evaluation Boards and Kits is based on 1-piece pricing.