Half-Duplex, Isolated RS-485 Interface
This circuit provides a half-duplex, isolated RS-485 interface using the ADM2485 high speed, isolated RS-485 transceiver and the ADP3330 high accuracy linear regulator. This circuit achieves signal and power isolation and at the same time decreases board space and power consumption.
Figure 1: Half-Duplex Isolated RS-485 Interface Using ADM2485 and ADP3330 (Simplified Schematic)
The oscillator outputs D1 and D2 of the ADM2485 drive the center tapped transformer T1. A pair of Schottky diodes and a smoothing capacitor are used to create a rectified signal from the secondary winding. The ADP3330 linear voltage regulator provides a regulated 5 V power supply to the ADM2485 bus-side circuitry (VDD2) as shown in Figure 1.
If the ADM2485 is powered by 5 V on the logic side, a 1CT:1.5CT transformer T1 is required to ensure enough headroom for the ADP3330 LDO to output a regulated 5 V output.
The external transformer used with the ADM2485 must have a center-tapped winding. The turns ratio of the transformer must be set to provide the minimum required output voltage at the maximum anticipated load current with the minimum input voltage. Table 1 shows suitable transformers for the ADM2485 circuit of Figure 1.
Table 1: Transformer Suppliers
||Primary Voltage 3.3V
||Primary Voltage 5V