Adding a current sense amplifier in the feedback loop of an adjustable low dropout voltage regulator creates a simple voltage controlled current source. The range of output current sourced by the circuit is set only by the current capability of the voltage regulator. The current sense amplifier senses the output current and feeds back a current to the summing junction of the regulator’s error amplifier. The regulator will then source whatever current is necessary to maintain the internal reference voltage at the summing junction. For the circuit shown a 0V to 5V control input produces 500mA to 0mA of output current.
Tools & Simulations
LTspice® is a powerful, fast and free simulation software, schematic capture and waveform viewer with enhancements and models for improving the simulation of analog circuits.
To launch ready-to-run LTspice demonstration circuits for this part:
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Step 3: If LTspice does not automatically open after clicking the link below, you can instead run the simulation by right clicking on the link and selecting “Save Target As.” After saving the file to your computer, start LTspice and open the demonstration circuit by selecting ‘Open’ from the ‘File’ menu.