Chemical Analysis & Analytical Instruments
Featured Products (11)
The ADuCM355 is an on-chip system designed to control and measure electrochemical and biosensors. The ADuCM355 is an ultralow power mixed-signal microcontroller based on the ARM®Cortex™-M3 processor. It is designed with current, voltage, and impedance measurement capability.
The ADuCM355 features a 16-bit, 400 kSPS multichannel successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with input buffers, built in anti-alias filter and programmable gain amplifier (PGA). The current inputs include three trans-impedance amplifiers (TIA) with programmable gain and load resistors for measuring different sensor types. The analog front end (AFE) also contains two more low power amplifiers designed specifically for potentiostat capability to maintain a constant bias voltage to an external electrochemical sensor. The noninverting inputs of these two amplifiers are controlled by on-chip dual output digital-to-analog converters (DAC). The analog outputs include another high speed DAC and output amplifier designed to generate an ac signal.
The ADC is capable of operating at conversion rates up to 400 kSPS with an input range of ±0.9 V. An input mux before the ADC allows the user to select an input channel for measurement. These input channels include three external current inputs, multiple external voltage inputs, and internal channels. The internal channels allow diagnostic measurements of the internal supply voltages, die temperature, and reference voltages.
Two of the three voltage DACs are dual output, 12-bit string DACs. One output per DAC controls the noninverting input of a potentiostat amplifier, and the other controls the noninverting input of the TIA.
The third DAC (sometimes referred to as the high speed DAC) is designed for the high power TIA for impedance measurements. Its output frequency range is up to 200 kHz.
A precision 1.82 V and 2.5 V on-chip reference source is available. The internal ADC and VDAC circuits use this on-chip reference source to ensure low drift performance for all of these peripherals.
The ADuCM355 integrates a 26 MHz ARM Cortex-M3 processor. It is a 32-bit reduced instruction set computer (RISC) machine, offering up to 32.5 DMIPS peak performance. The ARM Cortex-M3 processor also has a flexible multichannel direct memory access controller (DMA) supporting serial peripheral interface (two independent SPI ports), universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter (UART), and I2C communication peripherals. The ADuCM355 has 128 kB of nonvolatile flash/EE memory and 64 kB of SRAM integrated on-chip.
The digital processor subsystem is clocked from a 26 MHz on-chip oscillator. This is the source of the main digital die system clock. Optionally, a 26 MHz PLL can be used as the digital system clock. This clock can be internally subdivided so that the processor operates at a lower frequency and saves power. A low power internal 32 kHz oscillator is available and can clock the timers. The ADuCM355 includes three general-purpose timers, a wake-up timer (which can be used as a general-purpose timer), and a system watchdog timer.
The analog subsystem has a separate 16 MHz oscillator used to clock the ADC, DACs and other digital logic on the analog die. The analog die also contains a separate 32 kHz, low power oscillator to clock a watchdog timer on the low voltage die. Both the 32 kHz oscillator and this watchdog are independent from the digital die oscillators and system watchdog timer.
A range of communication peripherals can be configured as required in a specific application. These peripherals include UART, I2C, 2xSPI, and GPIO ports. The GPIO, combined with the general-purpose timers, can be combined to generate a pulse width modulation (PWM) type output.
On-chip factory firmware supports in-circuit erasing of user flash triggered via the UART, while nonintrusive emulation and program download are supported via the serial wire debug port (SW-DP) interface.
The ADuCM355 operates from 2.8 V to 3.6 V supply and is specified over a temperature range of −40°C to +85°C. The chip is packaged in a 72-lead 6 mm × 5 mm land grid array (LGA) package.
- Gas detection
- Food quality
- Environmental sensing (air, water, soil)
- Blood glucose meters
- Life sciences and biosensing analysis
- Bioimpedance measurements
- General Amperometry, voltammetry, and impedance spectroscopy functions
The ADA4530-1 is a femtoampere (10−15 A) level input bias current operational amplifier suitable for use as an electrometer that also includes an integrated guard buffer. It has an operating voltage range of 4.5 V to 16 V, enabling it to operate in conventional 5 V and 10 V single supply systems as well as ±2.5 V and ±5 V dual supply systems.
It provides ultralow input bias currents that are production tested at 25°C and at 125°C to ensure the device meets its performance goals in user systems. The integrated guard buffer isolates the input pins from leakage in the printed circuit board (PCB), minimizes board component count, and enables easy system design. The ADA4530-1 is available in an industry-standard surface-mount 8-lead SOIC package with a unique pinout optimized to prevent signals from coupling between the sensitive input pins, the power supplies, and the output pin while enabling easy routing of the guard ring traces.
The ADA4530-1 also offers low offset voltage, low offset drift, and low voltage and current noise needed for the types of applications that require such low leakages.
To maximize the dynamic range of the system, the ADA4530-1 has a rail-to-rail output stage that can typically drive to within 30 mV of the supply rails under a 10 kΩ load.
The ADA4530-1 operates over the −40°C to +125°C industrial temperature range and is available in an 8-lead SOIC package.
- Laboratory and analytical instrumentation: spectrophotometers, chromatographs, mass spectrometers, and potentiostatic and amperostatic coulometry
- Instrumentation: picoammeters and coulombmeters
- Transimpedance amplifier (TIA) for photodiodes, ion chambers, and working electrode measurements
- High impedance buffering for chemical sensors and capacitive sensors
The ADA4350 is an analog front end for photodetectors or other sensors whose output produces a current proportional to the sensed parameter or voltage input applications where the system requires the user to select between very precise gain levels to maximize the dynamic range.
The ADA4350 integrates a FET input amplifier, a switching network, and an ADC driver with all functions controllable via a serial peripheral interface (SPI) or parallel control logic into a single IC. The FET input amplifier has very low voltage noise and current noise making it an excellent choice to work with a wide range of photodetectors, sensors, or precision data acquisition systems.
Its switching network allows the user individual selection of up to six different, externally configurable feedback networks; by using external components for the feedback network, the user can more easily match the system to their desired photodetector or sensor capacitance. This feature also allows the use of low thermal drift resistors, if required.
The design of the switches minimizes error sources so that they add virtually no error in the signal path. The output driver can be used in either single-ended or a differential mode and is ideal for driving the input of an ADC.
The ADA4350 can operate from a single +3.3 V supply or a dual ±5 V supply, offering user flexibility when choosing the polarity of the detector. It is available in a Pb-free, 28-lead TSSOP package and is specified to operate over the −40°C to +85°C temperature range. Multifunction pin names may be referenced by their relevant function only.
- Current to voltage (I to V) conversions
- Photodiode preamplifiers
- Chemical analyzers
- Mass spectrometry
- Molecular spectroscopy
- Laser/LED receivers
- Data acquisition systems
The AD7175-2 is a low noise, fast settling, multiplexed, 2-/4- channel (fully/pseudo differential) Σ-Δ analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for low bandwidth inputs. It has a maximum channel scan rate of 50 kSPS (20 µs) for fully settled data. The output data rates range from 5 SPS to 250 kSPS.
The AD7175-2 integrates key analog and digital signal conditioning blocks to allow users to configure an individual setup for each analog input channel in use. Each feature can be user selected on a per channel basis. Integrated true rail-to-rail buffers on the analog inputs and external reference inputs provide easy to drive high impedance inputs. The precision 2.5 V low drift (2 ppm/°C) band gap internal reference (with output reference buffer) adds embedded functionality to reduce external component count.
The digital filter allows simultaneous 50 Hz/60 Hz rejection at 27.27 SPS output data rate. The user can switch between different filter options according to the demands of each channel in the application. The ADC automatically switches through each selected channel. Further digital processing functions include offset and gain calibration registers, configurable on a per channel basis.
The device operates with a 5 V AVDD1, or ±2.5 V AVDD1/AVSS, and 2 V to 5 V AVDD2 and IOVDD supplies. The specified operating temperature range is −40°C to +105°C. The AD7175-2 is in a 24-lead TSSOP package.
- Process control: PLC/DCS modules
- Temperature and pressure measurement
- Medical and scientific multichannel instrumentation
The AD7124-4 is a low power, low noise, completely integrated analog front end for high precision measurement applications. The device contains a low noise, 24-bit Σ-Δ analog-to-digital converter (ADC), and can be configured to have 4 differential inputs or 7 single-ended or pseudo differential inputs. The onchip low gain stage ensures that signals of small amplitude can be interfaced directly to the ADC.
One of the major advantages of the AD7124-4 is that it gives the user the flexibility to employ one of three integrated power modes. The current consumption, range of output data rates, and rms noise can be tailored with the power mode selected. The device also offers a multitude of filter options, ensuring that the user has the highest degree of flexibility.
The AD7124-4 can achieve simultaneous 50 Hz and 60 Hz rejection when operating at an output data rate of 25 SPS (single cycle settling), with rejection in excess of 80 dB achieved at lower output data rates.
The AD7124-4 establishes the highest degree of signal chain integration. The device contains a precision, low noise, low drift internal band gap reference, and also accepts an external differential reference, which can be internally buffered. Other key integrated features include programmable low drift excitation current sources, burnout currents, and a bias voltage generator, which sets the common-mode voltage of a channel to AVDD/2. The low-side power switch enables the user to power down bridge sensors between conversions, ensuring the absolute minimal power consumption of the system. The device also allows the user the option of operating with either an internal clock or an external clock.
The integrated channel sequencer allows several channels to be enabled simultaneously, and the AD7124-4 sequentially converts on each enabled channel, simplifying communication with the device. As many as 16 channels can be enabled at any time; a channel being defined as an analog input or a diagnostic such as a power supply check or a reference check. This unique feature allows diagnostics to be interleaved with conversions.
The AD7124-4 also supports per channel configuration. The device allows eight configurations or setups. Each configuration consists of gain, filter type, output data rate, buffering, and reference source. The user can assign any of these setups on a channel by channel basis.
The AD7124-4 also has extensive diagnostic functionality integrated as part of its comprehensive feature set. These diagnostics include a cyclic redundancy check (CRC), signal chain checks, and serial interface checks, which lead to a more robust solution. These diagnostics reduce the need for external components to implement diagnostics, resulting in reduced board space needs, reduced design cycle times, and cost savings. The failure modes effects and diagnostic analysis (FMEDA) of a typical application has shown a safe failure fraction (SFF) greater than 90% according to IEC 61508.
The device operates with a single analog power supply from 2.7 V to 3.6 V or a dual 1.8 V power supply. The digital supply has a range of 1.65 V to 3.6 V. It is specified for a temperature range of −40°C to +105°C. The AD7124-4 is housed in a 32-lead LFCSP package or a 24-lead TSSOP package.
- Temperature measurement
- Pressure measurement
- Industrial process control
- Instrumentation Smart transmitters
- Smart transmitters
The AD7798/AD7799 are low power, low noise, complete analog front ends for high precision measurement applications. The AD7798/AD7799 contains a low noise, 16-/24-bit Σ-Δ ADC with three differential analog inputs. The on-chip, low noise instrumentation amplifier means that signals of small amplitude can be interfaced directly to the ADC. With a gain setting of 64, the rms noise is 27 nV for the AD7799 and 40 nV for the AD7798 when the update rate equals 4.17 Hz.
On-chip features include a low-side power switch, reference detect, programmable digital output pins, burnout currents, and an internal clock oscillator. The output data rate from the part is software-programmable and can be varied from 4.17 Hz to 470 Hz.
The part operates with a power supply from 2.7 V to 5.25 V. The AD7798 consumes a current of 300 μA typical, whereas the AD7799 consumes 380 μA typical. Both devices are housed in a 16-lead TSSOP package.
- Weigh scales
- Pressure measurement
- Strain gauge transducers
- Gas analysis
- Industrial process control
- Portable instrumentation
- Blood analysis
- Smart transmitters
- Liquid/gas chromotography 6-digit DVM
The SPI-compatible serial interface also features the ability, using the SDI input, to daisy-chain several ADCs on a single, 3-wire bus and provides an optional busy indicator. It is compatible with 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3 V, or 5 V logic, using the separate supply VIO.
The AD7980 is housed in a 10-lead MSOP or a 10-lead QFN (LFCSP) with operation specified from −40°C to +125°C.Applications
- Battery-powered equipment
- Data acquisitions
- Medical instruments
Instrumentation & Measurement
- Chemical Analysis & Analytical Instruments
The AD5791 is a single 20-bit, unbuffered voltage-output DAC that operates from a bipolar supply of up to 33 V. The AD5791 accepts a positive reference input in the range 5 V to VDD – 2.5V and a negative reference input in the range VSS + 2.5 V to 0 V. The AD5791 offers a relative accuracy specification of ±1 LSB max, and operation is guaranteed monotonic with a ±1 LSB DNL max specification.
The part uses a versatile 3-wire serial interface that operates at clock rates up to 35 MHz and that is compatible with standard SPI, QSPI™, MICROWIRE™, and DSP interface standards. The part incorporates a power-on reset circuit that ensures the DAC output powers up to 0 V and in a known output impedance state and remains in this state until a valid write to the device takes place. The part provides an output clamp feature that places the output in a defined load state.
- 1 ppm Accuracy.
- Wide Power Supply Range up to ±16.5 V.
- Operating Temperature Range: −40°C to +125°C.
- Low 7.5 nV/√Hz Noise Spectral Density.
- Low 0.05 ppm/°C Temperature Drift.
- Medical Instrumentation
- Test and Measurement
- Industrial Control
- High end Scientific and Aerospace Instrumentation
The ADAQ7980/ADAQ7988 are 16-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) μModule® data acquisition systems that integrate four common signal processing and conditioning blocks into a system in package (SiP) design that supports a variety of applications. These devices contain the most critical passive components, eliminating many of the design challenges associated with traditional signal chains that use successive approximation register (SAR) ADCs. These passive components are crucial to achieving the specified device performance.
The ADAQ7980/ADAQ7988 contain a high accuracy, low power, 16-bit SAR ADC, a low power, high bandwidth, high input impedance ADC driver, a low power, stable reference buffer, and an efficient power management block. Housed within a tiny, 5 mm × 4 mm LGA package, these products simplify the design process for data acquisition systems. The level of system integration of the ADAQ7980/ADAQ7988 solves many design challenges, while the devices still provide the flexibility of a configurable ADC driver feedback loop to allow gain and/or common-mode adjustments. A set of four device supplies provides optimal system performance; however, single-supply operation is possible with minimal impact on device operating specifications.
The ADAQ7980/ADAQ7988 integrate within a compact, integrated circuit (IC)-like form factor key components commonly used in data acquisition signal chain designs. The μModule family transfers the design burden of component selection, optimization, and layout from designer to device, shortening overall design time, system troubleshooting, and ultimately improving time to market.
The serial peripheral interface (SPI)-compatible serial interface features the ability to daisy-chain multiple devices on a single, 3-wire bus and provides an optional busy indicator. The user interface is compatible with 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3 V, or 5 V logic.
Specified operation of these devices is from −55°C to +125°C.
- Automated test equipment (ATE)
- Battery powered instrumentation
- Data acquisition
- Process control
- Medical instruments
The ADuCM350 is a configurable Impedance Converter and Potentiostat with current and voltage measurement capability for both Electrochemical sensors and Biosensors. It is a complete, coin cell powered, high precision, MCU integrated solution for portable device applications such as point-of-care diagnostics and body-worn devices for monitoring vital signs.
The ADuCM350 analog front end (AFE) features a 16-bit, precision, 160 kSPS analog-to-digital converter (ADC); 0.17% precision voltage reference; 12-bit, no missing codes digital-to-analog converter (DAC); and a reconfigurable ultralow leakage switch matrix. It has 4 voltage measurement channels, up to 8 current measurement channels and an impedance measurement DFT engine. The ADuCM350 also includes an ARM Cortex-M3-based processor, memory, and all I/O connectivity to support portable meters with display, USB communication, and active sensors. The ADuCM350 is available in a 120-lead, 8 mm × 8 mm CSP_BGA and operates from −40°C to +85°C.
To support extremely low dynamic and hibernate power management, the ADuCM350 provides a collection of power modes and features, such as dynamic and software controlled clock gating and power gating. The AFE is connected to the ARM Cortex-M3 via an advanced high performance bus (AHPB) slave interface on the advanced microcontroller bus architecture (AMBA) matrix, as well as direct memory access (DMA) and interrupt connections.
- Point-of-care diagnostics
- Body-worn devices for monitoring vital signs
- Amperometric, voltametric, and impedometric measurements
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 contain an on-chip 32 kHz oscillator and an internal 16 MHz high frequency oscillator. The high frequency oscillator is routed through a programmable clock divider from which the operating frequency of the processor core clock is generated. The maximum core clock speed is 16 MHz; this speed is not limited by operating voltage or temperature.
The microcontroller core is a low power ARM Cortex-M3 processor, a 32-bit RISC machine that offers up to 20 MIPS peak performance. The Cortex-M3 processor incorporates a flexible, 11-channel DMA controller that supports all wired communica-tion peripherals (SPI, UART, and I2C). Also integrated on chip are 128 kB of nonvolatile Flash/EE memory and 8 kB of SRAM.
The analog subsystem consists of dual ADCs, each connected to a flexible input mux. Both ADCs can operate in fully differential and single-ended modes. Other on-chip ADC features include dual programmable excitation current sources, diagnostic current sources, and a bias voltage generator of AVDD_REG/2 (900 mV) to set the common-mode voltage of an input channel. A low-side internal ground switch is provided to allow power-down of an external circuit (for example, a bridge circuit) between conversions.
The ADCs contain two parallel filters: a sinc3 or sinc4 filter in parallel with a sinc2 filter. The sinc3 or sinc4 filter is used for precision measurements. The sinc2 filter is used for fast measure-ments and for the detection of step changes in the input signal.
The devices contain a low noise, low drift internal band gap ref-erence, but they can be configured to accept one or two external reference sources in ratiometric measurement configurations. An option to buffer the external reference inputs is provided on chip. A single-channel buffered voltage output DAC is also provided on chip.
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 integrate a range of on-chip peripherals, which can be configured under microcontroller software control as required in the application. The peripherals include UART, I2C, and dual SPI serial I/O communication controllers; a 19-pin GPIO port; two general-purpose timers; a wake-up timer; and a system watchdog timer. A 16-bit PWM controller with six output channels is also provided.
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 are specifically designed to operate in battery-powered applications where low power operation is critical. The microcontroller core can be configured in a normal operating mode that consumes 290 μA/MHz (including flash/ SRAM IDD). An overall system current consumption of 1 mA can be achieved with both ADCs on (input buffers off), PGA gain of 4, one SPI port on, and all timers on.
The ADuCM360/ADuCM361 can be configured in a number of low power operating modes under direct program control, including a hibernate mode (internal wake-up timer active) that consumes only 4 μA. In hibernate mode, peripherals such as external interrupts or the internal wake-up timer can wake up the device. This mode allows the part to operate with ultralow power and still respond to asynchronous external or periodic events.
- Industrial automation and process control
- Intelligent precision sensing systems
- 4 mA to 20 mA loop-powered smart sensor systems
- Medical devices, patient monitoring
Interactive Signal Chains
The Analog Devices, Inc., ADA4945-1CP-EBZ evaluation board is used to evaluate the performance of the ADA4945-1 fully differential amplifier. The board can be used as either a standalone evaluation board for general purpose differential amplifier evaluation or as an amplifier mezzanine card for specified ADCs. When configured as a mezzanine card the board is easily mounted atop compatible ADC evaluation boards via the 7-pin Headers J1 and J2. This usage enables quick and easy evaluation of multiple amplifier/ ADC combinations.
The evaluation board can be configured to accept either a single-ended or differential input signal.
The board utilizes several two-pin or three-pin headers to control various features of the ADA4945-1. Headers allow the user to easily set the ADA4945-1 high and low output clamp levels, set the output common-mode voltage, choose high or low power mode, and set the digital ground level.
Optimized power and ground planes ensure low noise and high speed operation. Component placement and power supply bypassing are optimized for maximum circuit flexibility and performance. The evaluation board accepts 0402 or 0603 surface mount technology (SMT) components, 0805 bypass capacitors, and 2.54 mm headers.
The ADuCM355 system on a chip provides the features needed to bias and measure a range of different electrochemical sensors. The EVAL-ADUCM355QSPZ kit allows users to evaluate the performance of the ADuCM355 when implementing a range of different electrochemical techniques, Including Chronoamperometry, Voltammetry and Electro-chemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS).
The EVAL-ADAQ7980SDZ is an evaluation board designed to demonstrate the low power ADAQ7980 performance and provide an easy to understand interface for a variety of system applications. The ADAQ7980 is a 16-bit, 1 MSPS, μModule data acquisition system that integrates four common signal processing and conditioning blocks into a system in package (SiP) design that supports a variety of applications
The EVAL-ADAQ7980SDZ can also evaluate the ADAQ7988, despite being populated with the ADAQ7980. To mimic the evaluation of the ADAQ7988 performance, limit the maximum sample rate of the ADAQ7980 to 500 kSPS in the ADAQ798x Evaluation Software.
The evaluation board is ideal for use with the Analog Devices, Inc., system demonstration platform (SDP) board, EVAL-SDP-CB1Z. The EVAL-ADAQ7980SDZ interfaces to the SDP board via a 120-pin connector. P1, P2, P3, and P4 SMA connectors are provided to connect a low noise analog signal source.
The ADAQ798x Evaluation Software executable controls the evaluation board over the USB through the EVAL-SDP-CB1Z. See the Related Links section for a list of on-board components
A full description and complete specifications for the ADAQ7980 are provided in the ADAQ7980/ADAQ7988 data sheet and must be consulted in conjunction with this user guide when using the evaluation board. Full details on the EVAL-SDP-CB1Z are available on the SDP-B product page.
UG-1201 describes the evaluation board for the ADA4625-1 low noise, fast settling, single supply, rail-to-rail output (RRO), junction field effect transistor (JFET) op amp in an 8-lead small outline integrated circuit (SOIC) package with an exposed pad. The design of this evaluation board emphasizes simplicity and ease of use. This evaluation board is a 2-layer board that accommodates edge mounted SubMiniature version A (SMA) connectors on the inputs and outputs. The SMA connectors allow efficient connection to test equipment or other circuitry.
The evaluation board ground plane, components placement, and power supply bypassing are optimized for maximum circuit flexibility and performance. The exposed pad of the ADA4625-1 is connected to the ground plane on the evaluation board to enhance thermal and noise performance. The evaluation board uses a combination of surface mount technology (SMT) component case sizes 0603 and 0805, with the exception of the bypass capacitors, Capacitor C3 and Capacitor C5, which have a maximum standard size of 1206. The evaluation board also features a variety of unpopulated resistor and capacitor pads, which provide the user with multiple choices and extensive flexibility for different application circuits and configurations, such as active loop filters, transimpedance amplifiers (TIAs), and charge amplifiers.
The ADA4625-1 data sheet covers the specifications and details of the device operation and application circuit configurations and guidance. Consult the data sheet in conjunction with UG-1201 for a better understanding of the device operation, especially when powering up the evaluation board for the first time.
The EVAL-AD4000FMCZ / EVAL-AD4001FMCZ / EVAL-AD4002FMCZ / EVAL-AD4003FMCZ / EVAL-AD4020FMCZ evaluation boards (see Figure 1) are ideal for use with the Analog Devices, Inc., high speed system demonstration platform (EVAL-SDP-CH1Z). These evaluation boards interface to the SDP-H1 board via a 120-pin connector. SMA connectors, JP2 and JP3, are provided for the low noise analog signal source.
On-board components include a high precision buffered band gap 5.0 V reference (the ADR4550), a reference buffer (the ADA4807-1), a common-mode buffer (the ADA4807-1), a signal conditioning circuit with two op amps (the ADA4807-1), and a power supply to derive the necessary voltage levels to supply all voltage needs.
The EVAL-AD4000FMCZ, EVAL-AD4001FMCZ, EVAL-AD4002FMCZ and EVAL-AD4003FMCZ are populated with the AD4000, AD4001, AD4002 and AD4003, respectively. However, these boards can be used to evaluate the performance of the AD4004, AD4005, AD4006, AD4007, AD4008, AD4010, and AD4011 by limiting the sample rate in the evaluation software to the maximum sample rate of the specific ADC. For example, the AD4000 on the EVAL-AD4000FMCZ can be used to evaluate the performance of the AD4004 if the sample rate is limited to 1 MSPS. See the data sheet of each product for its corresponding evaluation board.
Product Selection Guide